decided: August 10, 1988.
COLONIAL SCHOOL DISTRICT
ROMANO'S SCHOOL BUS SERVICE ET AL. NATIONAL UNION FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, APPELLANT
Appeals from the Orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, in the case of Colonial School District v. Romano's School Bus Service, Inc., et al., No. 85-07772, dated June 12, 1987, and No. 84-229, dated August 6, 1987.
Jay E. Mintzer, Edelstein, Mintzer & Diamond, for appellant.
John J. O'Brien, Jr., for appellee, Colonial School District.
Judges Barry and McGinley, and Senior Judge Narick, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge McGinley.
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National Union Fire Insurance Company (National Union) appeals from two orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County dismissing, respectively, two answers which National Union had filed. We reverse.
The issues presented are procedural in nature; hence, a more detailed recitation of the procedural posture of the matter is in order. Colonial School District (Colonial) brought a declaratory judgment action against numerous defendants, including National Union and its insured (with whom Colonial had contracted for the transportation of its students). Colonial sought a declaration that the defendants were obligated to defend and indemnify colonial in an underlying personal injury action.*fn1 National Union did not file an answer until twenty three months after the complaint was filed.*fn2 Colonial moved to strike the answer due to its having been untimely filed. On June 12, 1987, the trial court entered an order granting this motion and struck the answer. Colonial filed a Praecipe for Judgment by Default,
[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 463]
but the Prothonotary refused to accept this Praecipe because National Union had not been notified ten days in advance of Colonial's intention to file the Praecipe pursuant to Pa. R.C.P. 237.1.*fn3 Colonial subsequently mailed this notice and National Union filed a second answer. Colonial filed a motion to Strike the Second Answer. By order dated August 6, 1987, the trial court struck the second answer and specifically instructed the Prothonotary to accept Colonial's Praecipe for Judgment by Default. National Union took timely appeals to this Court from both the June 12, 1987 and the August 6, 1987 orders.
National Union contends that the trial court erred when it ordered that National Union's first answer be stricken, because Colonial had not been prejudiced, or, in the alternative, because Colonial caused its own prejudice by failing to move for a judgment by default sooner. National Union also contends that by serving a notice of intention to file the praecipe pursuant to Rule 237.1, Colonial extended the time in which National Union was permitted to file an answer. We agree with
[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 464]
National Union's contention of error with respect to the trial court's order of June 12, 1987, striking National Union's first answer. Consequently, we do not address the propriety of the trial court's second order, nor the effect of the service of the Rule 237.1 notice.
Pa. R.C.P. 1026 governs the time for filing of answers and other responsive pleadings. This rule states in relevant part as follows:
(a) Except as provided by subdivision (b), every pleading subsequent to the complaint shall be filed within twenty days after service of the preceding pleading, but no pleading need be filed unless the preceding pleading contains a notice to defend or is endorsed with a notice to plead.
National Union was bound by the time constraints contained therein. Nevertheless, despite the excessive tardiness on the part of National Union, the trial court's order to strike the answer was improper. Established procedure does not permit the opposing party to sit idly and then move to strike the untimely answer. Instead, that party must take affirmative action to secure a judgment by default. Pa. R.C.P. 1037(b) states that "The prothonotary, on praecipe of the plaintiff, shall enter judgment against the defendant for failure to file within the required time an answer to a complaint which contains a notice to defend or for any relief admitted to be due by the defendant's pleadings." Colonial failed to take such action. Colonial's failure to take action to secure a judgment by default extended the time within which National Union was permitted to file an answer.
The leading case is Allison v. Merris, 342 Pa. Superior Ct. 571, 493 A.2d 738 (1985). In that case the answer was filed more than twenty days after the complaint had been served and more than ten days after the rule 237.1 notice had been served. The plaintiff filed a praecipe for
[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 465]
entry of default judgment after the answer was filed, and the prothonotary caused judgment to be entered. The plaintiff also moved to strike the answer due to the late filing. The trial court ordered the judgment to be stricken and dismissed plaintiff's motion to strike the answer. The plaintiff appealed.
The Superior Court held that the trial judge did not abuse his discretion by refusing to strike the answer. The Court stated that:
As a general rule, however, the late filing of an answer will be ignored where the plaintiff has not acted to take a judgment by default. This rule is based on the theory 'that the plaintiff could not be prejudiced by the delay, and that his neglect to take a default judgment against the defendant operated as an extension of the period for filing the answer.' 2 Goodrich-Amram 2d § 1026:1 (1976). . . .
In the instant case, the trial court did not abuse its discretion by refusing to strike the answer and counterclaim. The delay in filing the answer was brief, and the default was promptly cured. Appellant had not previously acted to take a default judgment. The trial court acted consistently with Pennsylvania practice and the purpose and intent of the Rules of Civil Procedure which hold that a default may be cured at any time before the other party acts upon the default. In this case, appellant has not even suggested that he was prejudiced in any way by the brief delay in filing appellees' responsive pleading. It is clear, therefore, that the trial court could properly refuse to strike the answer and counterclaim.
Id. at 574-75, 493 A.2d at 739, 740.
Admittedly, the facts in the instant case differ somewhat from the scenario in Allison. In the instant
[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 466]
matter the delay in filing the answer consisted of twenty-three months, instead of a delay of slightly over one month. The procedural postures are also different. In the instant matter we are asked to review the trial court's decision to strike the answer, whereas in Allison the trial judge refused to strike the answer. The Superior Court in Allison did not say that the trial judge would have abused his discretion if he had struck the answer; the court held that the trial judge was within his discretion not to strike it. Furthermore, unlike the plaintiff in Allison, Colonial does allege that it was prejudiced by the delay.
Despite these differences, the policy enunciated in Allison is equally applicable here. Colonial did not avail itself of the opportunity to take a default judgment prior to the filing of the first answer. Furthermore, Colonial has not demonstrated that it was prejudiced by the delay,*fn4 but even if Colonial had been prejudiced, its own inaction would be at fault.
Having determined that the trial court abused its discretion by striking National Union's first answer, we vacate the trial court's order of June 12, 1987, and we reinstate the first Answer with New Matter which National Union filed on April 13, 1987. It appearing that the trial lacked jurisdiction to enter the order of August 6, 1987, and the entry of judgment of August 24, 1987,
[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 467]
we will vacate the order of August 6, 1987, and the entry of judgment on August 24, 1987, and we will quash the appeal from the August 6, 1987 order.*fn5
Now, August 10, 1988, we vacate the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County dated June 12, 1987, at docket No. 85-07772, and we reinstate the Answer with New Matter which National Union Fire Insurance Company filed on April 13, 1987. We vacate the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County dated August 6, 1987, and the entry of judgment dated August 24, 1987, and we quash the appeal from the August 6, 1987 order, which is docketed at No. 2076 C.D. 1987. We remand this matter for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.
Order dated June 12, 1987 vacated. Answer of insurance company reinstated. Order dated August 6, 1987 and entry of judgment vacated. Appeal from Order of August 6, 1987 quashed. Case remanded.