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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. ROBERT W. LOUGHIN (07/28/88)

decided: July 28, 1988.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, BUREAU OF TRAFFIC SAFETY, APPELLANT
v.
ROBERT W. LOUGHIN, APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County in the case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation v. Robert W. Loughin, No. 86-13327.

COUNSEL

Donald H. Poorman, Assistant Counsel, with him, Harold H. Cramer, Assistant Chief Counsel, and John L. Heaton, Chief Counsel, for appellant.

Jean B. Green, for appellee.

Judges Craig and Palladino, and Senior Judge Barbieri, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Palladino.

Author: Palladino

[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 237]

This is an appeal from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County (trial court) sustaining Robert W. Loughin's (Appellee) appeal from an order of the Department of Transportation, Bureau of Driver Licensing (DOT) revoking his motor vehicle operator's privileges for five years. We reverse and reinstate the five-year suspension.

On December 8, 1984, Appellee was charged with driving while his operating privileges were suspended.*fn1

[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 238]

On May 14, 1986 Appellee was convicted of the charge. By a letter dated June 16, 1986, DOT advised Appellee that he was eligible on July 7, 1986, to apply for restoration of his privileges from the suspension under which he was when the December 8, 1984 charge was brought. During this suspension period, Appellee was employed as an in-shop restaurant equipment repairman. His driving privileges were restored on July 12, 1986. Upon restoration of his driving privileges, Appellee was promoted to field serviceman. DOT, on August 5, 1986, revoked his operating privileges for a period of five years pursuant to section 1542 of the Vehicle Code, 75 Pa. C.S. ยง 1542,*fn2 because the May 14, 1986 conviction was his third within five years. Appellee appealed DOT's action to the trial court and a hearing was held October 27, 1986.

The trial court reversed*fn3 DOT's revocation and gave the following reasons: (1) the three-month delay between

[ 118 Pa. Commw. Page 239]

    conviction and revocation of privileges; and (2) prejudice caused by Appellee's reliance on the intervening restoration letter and the subsequent restoration. On appeal to this court,*fn4 DOT argues that the trial court erred in finding substantial evidence of prejudice to Appellee.

An action by DOT upon an operator's privileges may be vacated when administrative delay between a conviction and revocation causes the operator to change his circumstances to his detriment because of his reasonable belief that his privileges will not be impaired. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Driver Licensing v. Lyons, 70 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 604, 453 A.2d 730 (1982). Assuming that the delay is chargeable to DOT and is unreasonable, the burden is still on the Appellee to bring forth evidence of actual prejudice to ...


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