decided: June 29, 1988.
CITY OF HARRISBURG, A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, AND THE REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY OF THE CITY OF HARRISBURG
CAPITOL HOUSING CORPORATION ET AL. PENNSYLVANIA HIGHER EDUCATION ASSISTANCE AGENCY AND KENNETH R. REEHER, APPELLANTS. SCHOOL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF HARRISBURG V. TOWNE HOUSE APARTMENTS ET AL. PENNSYLVANIA HIGHER EDUCATION ASSISTANCE AGENCY AND KENNETH R. REEHER, APPELLANTS
Appeals from the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County, in the cases of City of Harrisburg, a Municipal Corporation, and the Redevelopment Authority of the City of Harrisburg v. Capitol Housing Corporation, a Pennsylvania Corporation; Towne House Apartments, a Limited Partnership; Abe Cramer; Mark Cramer; Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, and Kenneth R. Reeher, individually and as Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, No. 4587 of 1986, and in the case of School District of the City of Harrisburg v. Towne House Apartments, a Limited Partnership; Capitol Commercial Corporation, a Pennsylvania Corporation; Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, a Public Corporation and Government Instrumentality of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; Kenneth R. Reeher, Executive Director; Abe Cramer, Mark Cramer, Abraham Brenman, and Joseph Jaffe, Individuals, and the Estate of Harry Cramer, jointly and severally, No. 4586 of 1986, dated July 9, 1987.
John D. Killian, with him, Robert W. Barton, Killian & Gephart, for appellants.
Judith Brown Schimmel, City Solicitor, for appellee, City of Harrisburg.
Earl Harris, for appellee, Harrisburg School District.
Stuart Magdule, for appellee, Harrisburg Redevelopment Authority.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge McGinley, and Senior Judge Narick, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish, Jr. Judge Craig did not participate in the decision in this case.
[ 117 Pa. Commw. Page 410]
The Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency (PHEAA) appeals a Dauphin County Common Pleas Court order affirming its prior decree nisi and enjoining the sale of the Towne House apartment building (Towne House)*fn1 to PHEAA.
[ 117 Pa. Commw. Page 411]
The Towne House is located on real estate which was purchased by the Capitol Housing Corporation (CHC) from the Harrisburg Redevelopment Authority (Authority)*fn2 in 1958. The deed incorporated a redevelopment contract, providing that the tract would be developed in accordance with the Redevelopment Plan, which divided the area into residential (private and public), institutional and commercial tracts. The contract and Plan imposed a forty-year restriction on the land which was designated as "residential private housing."*fn3
In contradiction to the Plan, however, the Towne House ownership attained permission from the City of Harrisburg*fn4 to rent the second, third and fourth floors as government offices. Subsequently, PHEAA, the lessee, was given an option to purchase the entire property, which it accepted in 1986. This purchase agreement was made pursuant to the Act of August 7, 1963, P.L.
[ 117 Pa. Commw. Page 412549]
, as amended, 24 P.S. § 5104(12) (Act 130), which grants PHEAA the authority
to acquire and hold title in the name of the agency to the property known as the Towne House, including the Annex thereto leased by the agency [as well as two additional properties located in the City of Harrisburg] . . . and to make such arrangements as may be necessary to finance such acquisitions.
In enjoining the sale, the common pleas court interpreted the land use restriction "residential private housing" to mean "private ownership" as opposed to "public or quasi-public ownership" and to require ownership by a taxable rather than nontaxable entity.*fn5 The common pleas court concluded that Act 130 authorized PHEAA, a public nontaxable state agency, to buy the land only if there were no other impediments to the purchase. It found that the redevelopment contract's land use restriction was just such an impediment.
PHEAA contends that the common pleas court erred because there is no express restriction prohibiting a tax-exempt entity from purchasing the property and restrictive covenants must be strictly construed. PHEAA argues that the common pleas court should not extend these restrictions by implication.
Here, the Towne House owners agreed to devote the site to private residential housing until 1998.*fn6 By agreeing to sell the Towne House to a governmental, nontaxable
[ 117 Pa. Commw. Page 413]
entity, the property owner violated the contract which was incorporated in the deed. Not only is PHEAA a public governmental agency, but PHEAA's intention to use the building as office and not residential space is contrary to the deed and redevelopment contract.
In construing a contract, the intention of the parties is paramount. Natural Fuel Gas Distribution Corp. v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 98 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 354, 511 A.2d 907 (1986). Where its meaning may be susceptible to different interpretations, extrinsic or parol evidence may be considered to determine the intent of the parties. Beharry v. Mascara, 101 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 582, 516 A.2d 872 (1986).
The common pleas court admitted testimony*fn7 regarding the meaning of the phrase, "residential private housing" and the intentions of the Authority and CHC. The testimony indicates that the parties understood the phrase to mean "private non-governmental housing" in contrast to "public governmental housing."*fn8 We hold that the common pleas court correctly concluded that the conveyance violated the property's land use restrictions.
PHEAA next contends that Act 130 gives it specific authorization to purchase the Towne House and thus overrides any local land use regulation.
The Pennsylvania Supreme Court in Department of General Services v. Ogontz Area Neighbors Association, 505 Pa. 614, 483 A.2d 448 (1984), held that absent clear legislative intent and direction to the contrary, a Commonwealth agency is subject to municipal zoning restrictions.
[ 117 Pa. Commw. Page 414]
It prescribed a balancing test for determining legislative intent of the priority of the governmental entities involved, namely the consequences of a particular interpretation. Similarly, we can apply this test to the present case where a land use restriction is incorporated into the deed.
Here, one consequence of permitting PHEAA to circumvent the use restriction is that the Authority's Redevelopment Plan would be frustrated, while if the City were to prevail, PHEAA could relocate to other properties, including the two additional sites which PHEAA was granted authority to acquire.
Moreover, the Supreme Court held in City of Pittsburgh v. Commonwealth, 468 Pa. 174, 360 A.2d 607 (1976), that the legislature evinces an intent to override municipal zoning powers by the inclusion of the power of eminent domain to the state agency. Act 130 does not clothe PHEAA with the power of eminent domain or the right to supersede the local land use regulation.
For the reasons set forth herein, the common pleas court order is affirmed.
The Dauphin County Common Pleas Court order, Nos. 4586 and 4587 of 1986 dated July 9, 1987, is affirmed.