Appeal from the Judgment of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania, entered April 25, 1986 at No. 2016, Philadelphia 1985, from an Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, Philadelphia County at No. 3504 January Term, 1983.
Nix, C.j., and Larsen, Flaherty, McDermott, Zappala and Papadakos, JJ. McDermott, J., files a concurring opinion.
This is an appeal from an order of the Superior Court, 354 Pa. Super. 176, 511 A.2d 818, which affirmed a grant of injunctive relief by the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia requiring that the City of Philadelphia make certain
payments for health insurance benefits to the Municipal Workers Health and Welfare Fund maintained by District Council 33 of the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees. The duty to make the payments arose under provisions of the 1982-1984 Collective Bargaining Agreement between the City and District Council 33. At issue in the proceedings below were the extent of medical coverage that the City was obligated to provide for its municipal employees and questions as to the cost of such coverage.
In the Court of Common Pleas, the chancellor concluded that the City was contractually obligated to pay for "full 100% coverage" of all medical expenses (i.e., 365 day in-patient hospitalization with no co-pay provisions or obligations, no deductibles, no cap on the total amount of coverage for health and medical care for each union member and dependent family members, and full and complete payment of all hospital, medical, and doctor bills). The instant appeal arises as a result of the fact that, after determining that "full 100% coverage" was due, the chancellor proceeded to make findings pertaining to the cost of such coverage, but, in so doing, made findings which District Council 33, appellant herein, claims to be inherently inconsistent and unsustainable.*fn1 We agree that the chancellor's findings regarding the cost of medical coverage cannot be sustained.
It is well established that, in reviewing the findings of fact below, a finding which is inconsistent with another as to a material matter cannot be sustained. Kaufmann's Estate, 281 Pa. 519, 523, 127 A. 133 (1924). See also Gassner v. Gassner, 280 Pa. 313, 318, 124 A. 483 (1924). In
the present case, the chancellor set forth findings of fact which expressly accepted as credible and controlling the expert testimony provided by a witness for District Council 33, such witness having been a specialist in actuarial and insurance matters from the accounting firm of Price Waterhouse. The witness testified regarding the cost of providing "full 100% coverage" of medical expenses for the municipal employees in question. The need to make such findings arose because the extensive coverage which the City had agreed to provide its employees, through payments to the Municipal Workers Health and Welfare Fund, was unparalleled by existing medical coverage plans, and, thus, there was not in existence any rate schedule that could be referred to for the exact cost of providing such benefits.
An internal inconsistency in the findings of the chancellor arose in that the findings expressly purported to be adhering to the testimony of the expert witness from Price Waterhouse, but the findings set forth cost determinations that ignored essential aspects of that same testimony. Specifically, the findings that contained the inconsistencies were the following:
After a review of the testimony and opinion of witnesses, and a study of the reports of the respective experts, the court is persuaded by the opinion of [District 33's] expert, Price Waterhouse. The court's preliminary order [setting the level of the City's payments to the Municipal Workers Health and Welfare Fund] was based on a projection of cost of the Blue Cross plan which most closely approximated the coverage extended . . . . A more detailed projection of the data relating to the same plan based upon the Price, Waterhouse report persuades the court that a more accurate estimation of the requirements of the [City's] obligation under the Collective Bargaining Agreement would be $157.00 per member per month during the period January, 1983 to June, 1983 and $188.00 per member per month during the period July, 1983 to June, 1984 . . . .
The Blue Cross plan referred to in the finding of fact was Blue Cross Plan 100, which ...