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GARY HANUSEY v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION CITY PHILADELPHIA. CITY PHILADELPHIA (12/28/87)

decided: December 28, 1987.

GARY HANUSEY
v.
CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA. CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, APPELLANT



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County in the case of Gary Hanusey v. City of Philadelphia Civil Service Commission, No. 2484, March Term, 1986.

COUNSEL

Stephen A. Sawyer, Chief Assistant City Solicitor, for appellant.

Michael S. Durst, for appellee.

President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge Barry, and Senior Judge Barbieri, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish, Jr.

Author: Crumlish

[ 112 Pa. Commw. Page 198]

The Civil Service Commission of the City of Philadelphia (Commission) denied Police Officer Gary Hanusey one month of disability under Regulation 32.*fn1 A Philadelphia County Common Pleas Court order reversed and awarded benefits. The Commission appeals; we reverse.

[ 112 Pa. Commw. Page 199]

Hanusey had sustained several on-duty injuries since 1980, including a back injury. On March 23, 1985, he slipped and fell while on duty, reinjuring his back. He was then placed on no-duty status by the City Compensation Clinic (Clinic). A week later he was declared fit for active duty but remained off work for the month of April due to continuing back pain. His absence was charged to sick leave rather than being credited as service-connected. The Clinic subsequently determined that he was again entitled to service-connected benefits as of April 30, 1985. Hanusey appealed the denial of benefits for April 1985 to the Commission, which affirmed.*fn2 The Commission did not contest Hanusey's appeal to the common pleas court, which determined that substantial, competent evidence did not support the Commission's finding of ineligibility and thereby reversed.

Because Regulation 32 is similar in intent and form to The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act (Act),*fn3 this Court has held that the principles enunciated in interpreting the Act are applicable to Regulation 32 matters where similar substantive issues are involved. City of Philadelphia v. Hays, 13 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 621, 320 A.2d 406 (1974). Under Regulation 32, the claimant has the burden of proving to the Commission that disability exists and that it is service-related. Smith v. Civil Service Commission of Philadelphia, 53 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 164, 417 A.2d 810

[ 112 Pa. Commw. Page 200]

(1980). Where, as here, a full and complete record has been made before the Commission, the common pleas court's scope of review is limited to determining whether substantial evidence supports the Commission's fact findings and whether an error of law has been made or constitutional rights violated. Section 754(b) of the Local Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. ยง 754(b). When the common pleas court takes no additional evidence, this Court's scope of review is similarly circumscribed. Fitzgerald v. Civil Service Commission of Philadelphia, 16 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 540, 330 A.2d 285 (1974).

The Commission contends that its original determination was supported by substantial evidence and that the common pleas court exceeded its authority in reweighing the evidence. We agree.

The Commission, as fact finder, relied upon the medical opinions of Dr. Stephen Bosacco, an orthopedic surgeon with the Clinic, and Dr. Richard Katz, a neurologist seen privately by Hanusey. These physicians each determined that Hanusey was capable of performing limited duty during the period in question.*fn4 However, the common pleas court implicitly rejected this ...


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