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MARLYN R. LEVAN v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (10/02/87)

decided: October 2, 1987.

MARLYN R. LEVAN, APPELLANT
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Lehigh County, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Marlyn R. Levan, No. 85-C-124.

COUNSEL

Stephen Peter Vlossak, Sr., for appellant.

Harold H. Cramer, Assistant Counsel, with him, Spencer A. Manthorpe, Chief Counsel, and Henry G. Barr, General Counsel, for appellee.

Judges Craig and Palladino, and Senior Judge Blatt, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.

Author: Blatt

[ 110 Pa. Commw. Page 60]

Marlyn Levan (appellant) appeals from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Lehigh County (trial court) which dismissed his appeal from a Department of Transportation (DOT) order suspending his motor vehicle operating privileges for six months.

In September of 1984 the appellant was convicted of violating Section 3743(a) of the Vehicle Code (Code) 75 P.S. § 3743(a) (leaving the scene of an accident involving damage to attended vehicle or property). His motor vehicle license was thereafter automatically suspended for six months, pursuant to Section 3743(b) of the Code. He appealed the license suspension, and, after a hearing on the matter, the trial court dismissed the appeal.

Our scope of review in appeals from license suspensions, of course, is limited to determining whether or not the trial court abused its discretion or committed an error of law. Appeal of Finkelstein, 73 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 417, 458 A.2d 326 (1983).

The appellant initially contends that the lower court committed an error of law by refusing to overturn DOT's suspension of his license. To support this argument, he avers that, when he was given his citation pursuant to Section 3743 of the Code, the state policeman issuing the citation told him that his license would not be suspended when he paid his fine. Thus, he contends that DOT had no power to suspend his license. This issue, however, was squarely addressed in Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Pattison, 52 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 1, 415 A.2d 435 (1980), wherein the licensee claimed that her license should not be suspended because she was misled into believing that, if she paid her fine, no further penalty would be imposed. We rejected that argument on the grounds that 1) it was a matter beyond the common pleas court's scope of review, and 2) a criminal conviction is not subject

[ 110 Pa. Commw. Page 61]

    to collateral attack in an administrative license suspension appeal. The only issues a lower court may review in determining whether or not a license suspension is proper are 1) whether or not the licensee was in fact convicted, and 2) whether or not DOT acted as required by statute. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Calloway, 60 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 647, 432 A.2d 322 (1981). And, of course, we must note that the Commonwealth here properly introduced the appellant's certificate of conviction at the hearing before the trial court.

Furthermore, although the appellant admits that a driver cannot collaterally attack his criminal conviction in a civil proceeding by challenging the mandatory license suspension which follows that conviction, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation v. McVay, 95 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 154, 504 A.2d 980 (1986); Pattison ; he argues that he is not attempting to overturn his conviction but rather is merely challenging the suspension which followed that conviction. This argument is wholly spurious, because a license suspension under 75 Pa. C.S. § 1532(b) follows automatically upon conviction for a violation of 75 Pa. C.S. § 3743. We believe, therefore, that DOT acted in accordance with law when it suspended the appellant's operating privileges for six months.

Having determined that all of the substantive issues raised on appeal are without merit, and inasmuch as case law is contrary to the appellant's position, we must now address DOT's claim that the appellant's arguments are frivolous. And, if we ...


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