Appeal from the Order of the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board, in case of City of Clairton Police Wage and Policy Unit v. City of Clairton, Case No. PF-C-85-9-W.
Robert V. Campedel, Zemprelli, Clipper and Campedel, for petitioner.
James L. Crawford, for respondent.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judges Craig, MacPhail, Doyle, Barry, Colins and Palladino. Opinion by Judge Colins. Judge MacPhail dissents.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 563]
The City of Clairton (City) appeals an order of the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board (PLRB) upholding a hearing examiner's determination that the City had committed an unfair labor practice and directing the City to cease such practices by reinstating dispatching work to the police bargaining unit. The hearing examiner also directed the City to collectively bargain with the police over the transfer of such work out of the bargaining unit.
As a consequence of fiscal problems and a stated concern for the public safety, the mayor of Clairton issued an emergency proclamation under which firemen would replace police officers at the dispatcher's desk, thereby freeing more officers for street duty. The dispatchers had been responsible for answering, screening and relaying calls, assisting in processing new prisoners and checking on prisoners each half hour. Having been part of the bargaining unit since its inception in 1983, the dispatchers had manned the desk for over fourteen years. No prior notice was given, nor was any attempt made to bargain over the change. The union filed an unfair labor practice charge with the PLRB on the basis that the City violated Section 6(1)(e) of the Labor Relations Act*fn1 by, inter alia, refusing to bargain with the union concerning the reassignment of the dispatching work. The PLRB determined that, although the reassignment of police officers to street patrol was an inherent managerial prerogative guaranteed by Section 2001 of the Third Class City Code,*fn2 the unilateral decision to
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 564]
remove the dispatch/warden duties from the bargaining unit's work and transfer it to outside personnel violated the City's obligation to collectively bargain. The PLRB stated that the City could file a unit clarification request to bring the dispatcher role before the PLRB, but could not unilaterally redefine the bargaining unit by removing therefrom positions or functions performed by unit members. Accordingly, the City was ordered to rescind the emergency proclamation, reinstate the work, and offer to bargain with the union over the transfer of work outside the unit.
The City agrees that the initial decision to transfer the police personnel to street duty was within its inherent managerial prerogative. It contends, however, that pursuant to Section 702 of Pennsylvania's Public Employes' Labor Relations Act (PERA),*fn3 the decision to replace the dispatchers with fire personnel was also within its managerial prerogative. It argues that, under Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board v. State College Area School District, 461 Pa. 494, 337 A.2d 262 (1975), the PLRB should have weighed the non-bargainable Section 702 interests against those bargainable under Section 701 of PERA, 43 P.S. § 1101.701.
The balancing of considerations under PERA as set forth in the State College case is not pertinent here, however, inasmuch as this matter concerns police and fire personnel, and is consequently within the scope of the Act of June 24, 1968, (Act 111), P.L. 237, 43 P.S. §§ 217.1-217.10. Under Act 111, of course, a topic of management action is deemed bargainable where it bears a rational relationship to employees' duties. International Assn. of Firefighters v. City of Scranton, 59 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 235, 429 A.2d 779 (1981). We further note that it is the PLRB which is qualified to determine
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 565]
the appropriateness of a particular bargaining unit. Philadelphia Fire Officers Union Appeal, 83 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 274, 477 A.2d 47 (1984). In this instance, deferral to the expertise of the PLRB would indicate that the transfer of work formerly done exclusively by bargaining unit ...