Appeal from Order Entered March 7, 1985, Court of Common Pleas, Juvenile Division, Philadelphia County, No. 1507-85-2.
John Packel, Assistant Public Defender, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Cavanaugh, Beck and Montgomery, JJ.
[ 367 Pa. Super. Page 322]
This is a challenge of an adjudication of delinquency on the basis of the insufficiency of the evidence. Appellant, Troy Wilson, was adjudicated delinquent following proceedings in which it was determined that he violated the provisions of 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5121(d)(1)(i) -- Escape. The particular provision at issue classifies the offense as a felony of the third degree where "the actor was under arrest for or detained on a charge of felony or following conviction of crime."*fn1 It was uncontested at trial that Wilson had been adjudicated delinquent because of a felony robbery offense and was in detention at the Youth Development Center at Cornwells Heights, Pennsylvania. He was given a two day home leave on February 18, 1985, but failed to return. It is also clear that the crime of escape includes "failure to return to official detention after temporary leave . . . ." 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5121(a) and that "official detention" includes detention in any facility for custody of persons found to be delinquent. 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5121(e).
[ 367 Pa. Super. Page 323]
Appellant's argument is that he was adjudicated delinquent as a juvenile and even though the adjudication was based upon commission of the felony offense of robbery, the language of the felony provision of the crime of escape does not extend to his transgression.*fn2 We agree that under the only potentially applicable provision of the felony portion of the statute that appellant, a juvenile, was not under arrest for or detained on a charge of felony or following conviction of crime. The entire scheme of juvenile matters is that proceedings involving children be in the nature of delinquency hearings rather than criminal prosecutions. See 42 Pa.C.S.A. § 6332, 6334. Following hearing, the court may find the child to be delinquent. While evidence of facts which constitute an adult felony forms the basis for an adjudication of delinquency there is no provision for "convicting" an adjudicated juvenile of a "crime." The effect of the adjudication of delinquency is clear:
§ 6354. Effect of Adjudication
(a) General rule. -- An order of disposition or other adjudication in a proceeding under this chapter is not a conviction of crime and does not impose any civil disability ordinarily resulting from a conviction or operate to disqualify the child in any civil service application or appointment.
42 Pa.C.S.A. § 6354(a) (emphasis added).
Belatedly, the Commonwealth argues on appeal that appellant was "detained" on a charge of felony. However, Wilson had already undergone his adjudication and was not at the time of his weekend pass being "detained on a charge." Moreover, he had been detained on an allegation of delinquency not on a charge of a crime, a distinction which the provision defining the crimes of escape itself recognizes. See 18 Pa.C.S.A. 1521(e) Definition.
We conclude that appellant at the time of the offense alleged was not under arrest for or ...