Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Cambria County, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation v. Robert F. Stewart, No. 1984-2352.
Harold H. Cramer, Assistant Counsel, with him, Spencer A. Manthorpe, Chief Counsel, and Henry G. Barr, General Counsel, for appellant.
Robert Davis Gleason, for appellee.
Judges Craig and Palladino, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Palladino.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 201]
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety (DOT) appeals an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Cambria County which reversed DOT's suspension of Respondent Robert F. Stewart's driving privileges. For the reasons set forth below, we reverse.
On July 14, 1984, a police officer received a call reporting that there had been an automobile accident. When he arrived on the scene of the accident, he observed Respondent leaning over the trunk of his car removing a spare tire. There was no one else around the vehicle. During the ensuing questioning, at which time Respondent admitted to having been operating the vehicle, the officer noticed that Respondent had the strong smell of alcohol on his breath. The officer asked Respondent to take a field sobriety test, which Respondent did not pass.*fn1
At that point, the officer arrested Respondent for driving under the influence of alcohol. Respondent was driven to the police station, where he was requested to submit to a breathalyzer test. Despite being warned that refusal would result in a suspension of his driving privileges, Respondent refused the test.
The sole issue for review is whether the police officer had reasonable grounds to believe that Respondent had been driving under the influence of alcohol.*fn2 Reasonable
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 202]
grounds has been defined as: "whether, viewing the facts and circumstances as they appeared at the time, a reasonable person in the position of the police officer could have concluded that the motorist was operating the vehicle and under the influence of intoxicating liquor." Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Dreisbach, 26 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 201, 205, 363 A.2d 870, 872 (1976).
The trial court held that "[a] man changing a tire is not a fact or circumstance where a reasonable person in the position of a police officer would have concluded that the motorist was operating the vehicle under the influence of intoxicating liquor."*fn3 While this may be true, the trial court nevertheless improperly focused its attention on the police officer's reasonable state of mind at the time the officer approached the scene of the accident. The inquiry is not whether the officer, as he approached the scene, had reasonable grounds, rather it is whether, at any time during the course of interaction between the officer and Respondent, the officer was given reasonable grounds to believe he was driving under the influence of alcohol.
The officer was investigating the scene of an accident about which he had received a radio call. During the investigation, the officer noticed the strong smell of alcohol on Respondent's breath. He asked him to take a field sobriety test, which Respondent did ...