decided: June 18, 1987.
ALLEN M. WENGER, APPELLANT
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLEE
Appeal from the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Allen M. Wenger, No. 244 S 1986.
Thomas G. Klingensmith, Gingrich, Smith, Klingensmith & Dolan, for appellant.
Lawrence R. Wieder, Assistant Counsel, with him, Harold Cramer, Assistant Counsel, Spencer A. Manthorpe, Chief Counsel, and Henry G. Barr, General Counsel, for appellee.
Judges MacPhail and Doyle, and Senior Judge Blatt, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge MacPhail. Concurring & Dissenting Opinion by Judge Doyle.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 21]
Allen M. Wenger (Appellant) appeals an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County which dismissed his appeal and sustained a one-year suspension ordered by the Department of Transportation (Department) pursuant to Section 1547 of the Vehicle Code (Code), as amended, 75 Pa. C.S. § 1547. We affirm.
Appellant was observed driving erratically on the evening of November 28, 1985 and was shortly thereafter involved in a one-car collision. Upon his arrival, Officer Popp detected the odor of alcohol on Appellant's breath and noticed he was uncoordinated and fumbling in his attempt to produce his license. Officer Popp conducted a field sobriety test and then placed Appellant under arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol. Appellant agreed to submit to a breathalyzer test and was thereafter transported to the police station.
At the police station, Officer Newcomer read to Appellant from a form entitled "Notice of Pennsylvania Implied Consent Law."*fn1 Appellant indicated that he understood
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 22]
what was read to him and he was then taken to the room where breathalyzer tests are conducted. Appellant then said he wanted a blood test rather than a breath test. Officer Newcomer testified that he told Appellant that if he did not take the breath test it would be considered a refusal and his operating privilege would be suspended. Appellant was informed that he could obtain a blood test on his own from his physician after he took the breath test. After refusing to submit to the breath test three more times, Appellant was released and his license was thereafter suspended.
Appellant's sole argument here is that his license cannot be suspended for insisting on a blood test rather than a breath test because he reasonably misunderstood the law which was read to him, and which he also read for himself, to give him, rather than the police, the choice of tests and because the police failed to warn him that his insistence on a blood test rather than a breath test would constitute a refusal. The Department argues that Appellant's appeal is frivolous and therefore requests an award of counsel fees pursuant to Pa. R.A.P. 2744.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 23]
Section 1547(a) of the Code states in part that "[a]ny person who drives . . . a motor vehicle in this Commonwealth shall be deemed to have given consent to one or more chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of blood. . . ." 75 Pa. C.S. § 1547(a). This Court has clearly stated that under Section 1547(a) "a licensee has no right to a choice of tests. . . ." Binder v. Commonwealth, 99 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 548, 531, 513 A.2d 1105, 1107 (1986). In fact, we have specifically held that there is nothing in Section 1547(a) of the Code to indicate that a licensee has the option of choosing which chemical test he will take. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Bartle, 93 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 132, 500 A.2d 525 (1985). Anything less than an unequivocal consent to take the test requested by the officer constitutes a refusal. Id.
In the case at bar, Appellant argues that he was reasonably misled by the form which was read to him by Officer Newcomer. Our review of the contents of that form, however, reveals that it is an almost verbatim recitation of Section 1547(a) and (b)(1) of the Code. Since we have held that Section 1547(a) of the Code does not indicate that a licensee has the option of choosing the test, we must conclude that there is no basis for Appellant's argument.*fn2 Cf. Binder (where this Court held that a licensee had been misled into believing that he had
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 24]
the choice of tests by a form containing the phrase "or if you prefer that a blood test be given. . . .") Furthermore, our review of the record reveals that Appellant was properly warned that his insistence on a blood test rather than a breath test would constitute a refusal.*fn3 Accordingly, we reject Appellant's argument and sustain the Department's one-year suspension of his operating privilege.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 25]
We now turn to the Department's request for counsel fees. Pa. R.A.P. 2744 allows this Court to award reasonable counsel fees if an appeal is determined to be, inter alia, frivolous or taken solely for delay. This Court has previously held that a key factor in determining whether an appeal is frivolous is determining "whether, either as a matter of fact or law, the appellant's contentions have any likelihood of success" or whether a continuation of the contest is reasonable. Appeal of Langmaid Lane Homeowners Ass'n, 77 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 53, 60, 465 A.2d 72, 75 (1983).
As we have just stated, Appellant's argument that Section 1547(a) of the Code is misleading has been addressed by this Court on previous occasions and has been flatly rejected; nevertheless, our most definitive statement on the issue was not handed down in the Bartle case until November 22, 1985. The arrest in the instant case occurred November 28, 1985. The appeal from the Department's action suspending Appellant's driving privileges was filed January 17, 1986. While it is true that by the time the case came on for hearing on March 27, 1986, our decision in Bartle was, or should have been known to Appellant, we are reluctant to hold that Appellant should have been aware before he appealed that his case was controlled by the result we reached in Bartle and that his appeal had little or no likelihood of success in view of Bartle.
We, consequently, will not exercise our authority under Pa. R.A.P. 2744 to impose counsel fees in this case.
The order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County in the above-captioned matter is hereby affirmed.
[ 107 Pa. Commw. Page 26]
Concurring & Dissenting Opinion by Judge Doyle:
I readily join the majority opinion except that I would remand to the trial court for the assessment of counsel fees.