filed: May 20, 1987.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
JUAN ADAME, APPELLANT
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, of Allegheny County at No. SA No. 1061-85.
Melaine S. Rothey, Assistant Public Defender, Pittsburgh, for appellant.
Robert L. Eberhardt, Deputy District Attorney, Pittsburgh, for Com., appellee.
Cavanaugh, Popovich and Montgomery, JJ. Montgomery, J., concurs in the result.
[ 363 Pa. Super. Page 407]
This is an appeal from the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County finding the appellant, Juan Adame, guilty of the summary offense of obstructing public passage (18 Pa.C.S. § 5507) and imposing a sentence of ten (10) days imprisonment and a three-hundred dollar ($300.00) fine plus costs. We reverse.
The facts reveal that on the 4th day of June, 1985, at approximately 10:50 p.m., Glassport police officer Val Uziel was on duty and observed at least ten (10) youngsters (age twelve to sixteen) and the appellant congregating on the sidewalk in front of a business establishment (Open Pantry) situated at the busiest intersection in town. Open Pantry had previously requested the police to keep the area in front of its establishment clear and to remove anybody gathering there because this interfered with its business. Since it is patronized by mostly older people, they refuse, in the words of the officer, to go into the establishment when they see a "gang of kids" there, as was the case on the evening in question.
The officer told the appellant on four separate occasions that evening to leave. In fact, the third time the officer recalls stating:
We told him what he is doing wrong. We told him to move on, he is obstructing the public passages and also he is interfering with this place of business.
Nonetheless, albeit the youngsters would leave at the officer's direction, the appellant would remain and, "by his actions", would prompt the gathering of another group "to find out what he [was] yelling about." By the officer's fourth request, the appellant's refusal to remove himself from the premises resulted in his being cited for obstructing public passages.
After all of the evidence was presented, the de novo bench trial came to a close. The next day, i.e., April 29,
[ 363 Pa. Super. Page 4081986]
, an order was entered finding the appellant guilty as charged and imposing sentence. Attached to the order was a one page document advising the appellant of his post-verdict rights pursuant to Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure 1123 and 1410.*fn1 This appeal followed.
The sole issue raised for our consideration concerns the legality of the sentence. However, the merits of the contention will have to be postponed given the procedural irregularities which plague this case and, as a result, necessitate a remand.
First, it cannot be denied that the general post-verdict rules are applicable to summary cases appealed de novo to the Court of Common Pleas. See Commonwealth v. Pringle, 304 Pa. Super. 67, 450 A.2d 103 (1982); Commonwealth v. Koch, 288 Pa. Super. 290, 431 A.2d 1052 (1981). Adherence to such rules seems to have been ignored in the case at bar.
For example, we note the following failings of the trial court in the post-verdict area; to-wit:
[ 363 Pa. Super. Page 4091]
) Failure to impose sentence in open court (see 42 Pa.C.S. § 9752 and Pa.R.Crim.P. 1405(a));
2) No record was made of the proceeding (see 42 Pa.C.S. § 9759);
3) Failure to provide the appellant with his right of allocution (see Commonwealth v. Knighton, 490 Pa. 16, 415 A.2d 9 (1980); Commonwealth v. Brown, 342 Pa. Super. 249, 492 A.2d 745 (1985) (en banc) (Opinion in Support of Reversal by POPOVICH, J., joined by SPAETH, P.J., BROSKY, J., and WICKERSHAM, J.));
4) Failure to state on the record the reasons for the sentence imposed (see Commonwealth v. Mullen, 321 Pa. Super. 19, 467 A.2d 871 (1983) (en banc); 42 Pa.C.S. § 9721(b); Pa.R.Crim.P. 1405(b));
5) Failure to articulate the amount of the fine, its due date and inquire as to the appellant's financial ability to pay*fn2 (see 42 Pa.C.S. §§ 9758(a), 9726(d) and Pa.R.Crim.P. 1407); and
6) Failure to advise the appellant of his post-verdict rights (see Pa.R.Crim.P. 1405(c)).
Moreover, the type of "mail-order-verdict/sentence" issued by the court below is at odds with those stated principles so cherished in our judicial system, i.e., to have hearings, proceedings, sentencings and trials conducted in an open forum and of record. These precepts are lacking as to the manner and method in which the verdict and sentence were issued. See Commonwealth v. Ragoli, 362 Pa. Super. 390, 524 A.2d 933 (1987) (Opinion by POPOVICH, J., with
[ 363 Pa. Super. Page 410]
MONTGOMERY, J. Concurring in Result and BROSKY, J. Dissenting).
The error is especially glaring in regard to the circumstances surrounding the entry of the sentence. Not only was the appellant not present during the imposition of sentence, given the mail-order nature of the transmission, but the court below neglected to state of record its reasons for issuance of the sentence. See Mullen, supra. Thus, we are hampered in our efforts to assess the merits of the appellant's illegality of sentence argument, a subject which has not been waived for the appellant's failure to submit a modification of sentence motion within ten (10) days of imposition since the subject was not broached in open court. See Ragoli, supra; Rule 1405.
Thus, in light of the procedural shortcomings of this case, we do what we did in Ragoli and reverse the order of the trial court imposing sentence and "remand with directions that the trial court enter a finding of guilty or not guilty in accordance with accepted practice in this Commonwealth, and, if the verdict is guilty, to impose sentence as more fully detailed in the . . . [ Ragoli ] opinion. Jurisdiction is not retained by this Court." Id. 362 Pa. Super. at 403, 524 A.2d at 939.