Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, in case of David Simmons v. Teleflex, No. A-84148.
Martin J. Fallon, Jr., Swartz, Campbell & Detweiler, for petitioner.
David L. Allebach, Jr., Reynier, Crocker, Allebach & Reber, P.C., for respondent, David Simmons.
Judges MacPhail and Barry, and Senior Judge Barbieri, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge MacPhail.
[ 105 Pa. Commw. Page 45]
Teleflex, Inc. (Employer) petitions for our review of an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) which affirmed the grant of a reinstatement petition filed by David Simmons (Claimant). We affirm.
Claimant sustained a lower back injury in the course of his employment on May 7, 1979. Claimant received compensation for total disability pursuant to a notice of compensation payable until April 8, 1980 when he returned to work. Employer filed a suspension petition on June 9, 1980 which was granted by a referee following a hearing at which Claimant failed to appear. Thereafter, Claimant filed a reinstatement petition on September 12, 1980 seeking partial disability benefits. Claimant alleged in his petition that he had been forced to accept a position at a lower weekly wage due to his
[ 105 Pa. Commw. Page 46]
continued inability to perform work assigned by Employer. Following a hearing and the introduction of medical expert depositions, the referee granted the reinstatement petition. The Board affirmed and the instant appeal followed.
Employer has raised two issues for our consideration: (1) whether it was error to grant the reinstatement petition since the alleged recurrence of disability occurred prior to the date of the referee's decision suspending benefits, and (2) whether the referee erred in reinstating benefits since Claimant failed to establish that he remains disabled from performing his pre-injury job.
Regarding the first issue, Employer contends that Claimant is now attempting to relitigate matters which were determined by the referee's order dated July 18, 1980 which suspended benefits as of April 8, 1980. In the instant reinstatement proceedings, Claimant established that although he returned to work on April 8, he suffered a recurrence of his disability that day, was forced to take the next two days off, and was only physically able to work a half day on April 11. Claimant requested less strenuous work on April 11, but because none was available, he terminated his employment and subsequently accepted other work at a lower wage.*fn1 Employer argues that because Claimant's recurrence of his disability occurred in April, 1980, that recurrence cannot be relied upon to set aside a suspension order which was granted thereafter in July, 1980. In short, Employer argues that Claimant's failure to appear and raise the issue of recurrence in the suspension proceedings constitutes a bar to his right to later raise the issue by means of a reinstatement petition.
[ 105 Pa. Commw. Page 47]
In support of its argument, Employer relies on case law which establishes that in a modification or reinstatement proceeding the moving party must prove that his disability has recurred or increased after the date of the prior referee's award. Cerney v. Schrader & Seyfried, Inc., 463 Pa. 20, 342 A.2d 384 (1975); Klingler v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 50 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 335, 413 A.2d 432 (1980); Brockway Glass Co. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 31 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 624, 377 A.2d 1029 (1977). Petitions for reinstatement may not be used to relitigate the extent of disability established by a prior final decision. Kopp v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Doylestown Processing Co.), 78 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 292, 467 A.2d 425 (1983). The reason for this rule, of course, is to prevent a claimant from repeatedly filing reinstatement or modification petitions based on the same evidence in the hope that some referee will eventually rule in his favor. Banks v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal ...