decided: December 12, 1986.
WILLIAM H. WERNER, PETITIONER
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION APPEAL BOARD (BERNARDI BROTHERS, INC. AND MAGNETICS PERFECTION ELECTRIC, INC.), RESPONDENTS
Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, in case of William H. Werner v. Bernardi Brothers, Inc. and Magnetics Perfection Electric, Inc., No. A-86791.
John L. Sampson, with him, Matthew G. Guntharp, Appel, Yost & Sorrentino, for petitioner.
R. Burke McLemore, Jr., Thomas & Thomas, for respondent, Bernardi Brothers, Inc.
Douglas B. Marcello, Mancke, Lightman & Wagner, for respondent, Magnetics Perfection Electric, Inc.
Judges Barry and Palladino, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Palladino. Dissenting Opinion by Senior Judge Kalish.
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 465]
Petitioner, William H. Werner, appeals from an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) affirming the dismissal of his claim petition for compensation under Section 108(n). The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act (Act).*fn1 We affirm.
From October, 1976 until March 12, 1982 Petitioner worked as a production leadman for a business which manufactured small gear reducers. In February or March of 1980 a foaming operation was added to the manufacturing process. The foaming operation utilized a chemical mixture containing polymericisocyanates. The operation took place in a large room in which the entire manufacturing process was located. Vapors were produced during the foaming process. Petitioner filed a claim for compensation on August 14, 1982, alleging he developed bronchial asthma as a result of breathing in chemicals at his work place.
The referee found that Petitioner had been diagnosed as having emphysema related to cigarette smoking. He further found that Petitioner had been a one-half to one pack per day smoker for many years until quitting in December 1980. Additionally, the referee found that Petitioner had been diagnosed as being allergic to cat and dog dander, chickens, house dust, trees, grasses, ragweed and that Petitioner raised chickens at his home, had a dog and lived in an environment where he was exposed to various trees and grasses. See Referee's Findings of Fact, Nos. 17, 18, 19 and 21. Although Petitioner's doctor testified that in his opinion the fumes from the foaming operations were the cause of Petitioner's bronchial asthma, the referee found that Petitioner's condition was not work related.
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 466]
The referee concluded that Petitioner had failed to prove the required elements of Section 108(n) of the Act,*fn2 and on August 19, 1983, dismissed Petitioner's claim. Petitioner appealed to the Board on September 12, 1983, claiming that the referee had capriciously disregarded competent evidence. On October 18, 1984, prior to a decision by the Board, Petitioner filed a motion with the Board to amend his claim to include a claim under 301(c) of the Act*fn3 and a petition for remand to the referee. On August 30, 1985, the Board affirmed the referee's dismissal of Petitioner's claim because the referee found his condition was not work related. The Board did not rule on his motion to amend.*fn4 A petition for review was filed with this Court.
Petitioner asserts that: (1) his doctor's testimony was capriciously disregarded and therefore the Board erred in not considering whether his claim was compensable under Section 301(c) as well as under Section 108(n) of the Act; (2) the findings of fact are not supported by substantial evidence; and (3) there was a violation of Section 504 of the Administrative Agency Law.*fn5
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 467]
A petitioner has the burden of establishing that he is entitled to compensation under the Act. Halaski v. Hilton Hotel, 487 Pa. 313, 409 A.2d 367 (1979). Essential to meeting this burden is proof that the condition which prevents a petitioner from working, whether it is an injury, a disease, or aggravation of a pre-existing condition, be work related. When the causal connection between the condition and the job is not obvious, the petitioner must establish it by unequivocal medical testimony. See Haney v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 65 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 461, 442 A.2d 1223 (1982).
Petitioner first contends that the referee capriciously disregarded his doctor's testimony that Petitioner's condition resulted from his work environment because it was the only medical testimony offered. However, our Supreme Court has recently held that the scope of review of an administrative agency decision, regardless of which party prevails, is limited by Section 704 of the Administrative Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. § 704, to determining whether constitutional rights have been violated, an error of law committed, or whether there is substantial evidence in the record to support the findings of fact. Estate of McGovern v. State Employees' Retirement Board, 512 Pa. 377, 517 A.2d 523 (1986).
As to whether necessary findings are supported by substantial evidence, we note that the referee may reject or accept the testimony of any witness, even that of a medical witness, in whole or in part. Casuccio v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 72 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 270, 456 A.2d 1117 (1983). The credibility of witnesses and the weight to be accorded their testimony
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 468]
is the province of the referee. Williams v. San Giorgio Macaroni, Inc., 13 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 386, 319 A.2d 434 (1974), and even uncontradicted expert medical testimony may be disregarded Haney v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 65 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 461, 442 A.2d 1223 (1982).
Our review of the record satisfies us that the doctor's testimony was less than positive, based on possibilities and, therefore, equivocal. The referee's rejection of the doctor's opinion as to the cause of Petitioner's condition was not an error of law.
When the referee properly rejects the testimony of a petitioner's witness, he may deny compensation even if the employer has offered no evidence. Butler v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 67 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 393, 447 A.2d 683 (1982). We conclude that there is substantial evidence to support the finding that Petitioner's condition was not work related.
Petitioner relies on Pawlosky v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 81 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 270, 473 A.2d 260 (1984) and Hayden v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 83 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 451, 479 A.2d 631 (1984) to support his contention that the Board erred in not considering his claim under Section 301(c) of the Act. His reliance is misplaced. In these two cases the referee found the petitioners had suffered a work related injury. Here the referee found that Petitioner's condition was not work related. If there is no work related injury, there can be no compensation under the Act.
And Now, December 12, 1986, the order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, No. A-86791, dated August 30, 1985, is affirmed.
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 469]
Dissenting Opinion by Senior Judge Kalish:
I respectfully dissent.
In addition to challenging the referee's findings, Petitioner argues that the Board erred in failing to consider his claim under Section 301(c) of The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act (Act), Act of June 2, 1915, P.L. 736, as amended, 77 P.S. § 411, as well as under Section 108(n) of the Act, 77 P.S. § 27.1, relying on Pawlosky v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 81 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 270, 473 A.2d 260 (1984), and Hayden v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 83 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 451, 479 A.2d 631 (1984). The majority distinguishes this case from Pawlosky and Hayden on the grounds that in both of those cases the referee found that the claimants had suffered a work related injury. The majority states that in this case the referee found that Petitioner's condition was not work related. Thus, the majority concludes that if there is no work related injury, there can be no compensation under the Act.
I believe the referee's findings are insufficient to justify the legal conclusion that Petitioner is ineligible for compensation under Section 301(c) of the Act. The referee found that Petitioner had been diagnosed as having emphysema, related to cigarette smoking, and that Petitioner had been diagnosed as being allergic to cat and dog dander, chickens, house dust, trees, grasses and ragweed. The referee dismissed the claim because Petitioner failed to establish that the incidence of his ailment was substantially greater in his occupation than in the general population, as required by Section 108(n) of the Act.
The referee's finding that Petitioner's condition was not work related, which the majority relies on, referred to the emphysema and allergies. However, the referee's findings are silent as to the crucial question of whether
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 470]
Petitioner suffered an aggravation of a pre-existing disease. In Pawlosky the referee did find that the claimant had suffered a work related aggravation of a pre-existing disease, and in Hayden the referee did find that the claimant had a work related illness. However, here there are no findings as to whether Petitioner's bronchial asthma constituted a work related aggravation of a pre-existing disease. Accordingly, I would remand this matter for a determination of whether the conditions of the workplace aggravated Petitioner's pre-existing ailments.