Appeal from the Order of the Environmental Hearing Board in the case of Joseph George v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Resources and Consolidation Coal Company, Permittee, Docket No. 84-223-G.
Patrick McGinley, with him, William M. Baily, Thompson and Baily, for petitioner.
Daniel E. Rogers, Assistant Counsel, with him, Marc A. Roda, Assistant Counsel, for respondent.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., and Judges Rogers and Barry, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish, Jr.
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 88]
Joseph George appeals an Evironmental Hearing Board (Board) order dismissing his appeal and upholding the issuance of a Department of Environmental Resources (Department) subsidence control permit to Consolidation Coal Company (Consol) under the Bituminous Mine Subsidence and Land Conservation Act (Act).*fn1 We affirm in part, vacate in part and remand.
Pursuant to Section 5*fn2 of the Act, the Department issued the permit on June 7, 1984, authorizing Consol to conduct underground "longwall" mining*fn3 of the Pittsburgh coal seam, a portion of which underlies George's property. George's interest in his property includes ownership of a coal seam overlying the Pittsburgh seam and a surface stream and waterfall. The Board dismissed George's appeal without a hearing because it determined that his interest in the surface and subsurface features of the property were unprotected by the Act.
Our scope of review of a Board decision is limited to a determination of whether an error of law has been committed, constitutional rights have been violated or any findings of fact are unsupported by substantial evidence. Einsig v. Pennsylvania Mines Corp., 69 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 351, 452 A.2d 558 (1982).
George initially contends that the Board erred in its determination that the Department had no duty under
[ 102 Pa. Commw. Page 89]
the Act to consider the possible effects of subsidence upon his underlying coal seam. We disagree.
In the recent case of Culp v. Consol Pennsylvania Coal Co., 96 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 94, 506 A.2d 985 (1986), we held that the legislature's use of the term surface lands within the Act constituted a conscious choice specifically not to grant subsurface owners protection under the Act. Inasmuch as the relevant federal regulations reveal no contrary intent,*fn4 we find Culp to be controlling. Thus, we hold that the Board committed no error of law in declining to consider the effects of subsidence upon George's coal seam.*fn5
George further maintains that the Act requires the Department to consider the effects of subsidence on his surface stream and ...