Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Civil Division entered December 17, 1985, at G.D. 85-11864.
Patrick J. Shannon, Pittsburgh, for appellants.
Charles Kirshner, Pittsburgh, for appellee.
Rowley, Del Sole and Cercone, JJ.
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 317]
This is an appeal from an order of the trial court granting summary judgment in favor of the Appellee, Forbes Steel and Wire.
The Appellant was injured on the job at Forbes Steel and Wire plant in Canonsburg. His injury was sustained as a result of working on a defective machine which was manufactured by his employer, Forbes Steel and Wire. Mr. Pavlek applied for, and received, workers compensation benefits.
The instant case is a products liability action in which Mr. Pavlek has sought to recover damages from his employer who is also the manufacturer of the machine which caused his injury. The employer was granted summary judgment
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 318]
on the grounds of exclusivity of the workers compensation remedy. Mr. Pavlek filed this appeal, arguing that summary judgment was improper as a matter of law. He urges us to find that he has a cause of action against his employer in products liability, basing his argument on the dual capacity doctrine.
Under the dual capacity doctrine, an employer who is normally shielded from tort liability by the exclusive remedy of the workers compensation law may become liable in tort to his employee if he occupies, in addition to his capacity as employer, a second capacity that confers on him obligations independent of those imposed on him as employer. LARSON WORKMAN'S COMPENSATION LAW, § 72.80 (1976). As the Appellant points out in his brief, in some jurisdictions an employee is permitted to take a products liability action against his employer under the dual capacity doctrine. See, Annot., 23 A.L.R. 4th, 1151 (1983).
The Appellant cites Tatrai v. Presbyterian University Hospital, 497 Pa. 247, 439 A.2d 1162 (1982) for the proposition that he is entitled to recover in a tort action against his employer. In that case, Mrs. Tatrai was an operating room technician employed by Presbyterian Hospital. While on duty she became ill and was sent by her supervisor to the hospital's emergency room where she suffered injuries when the x-ray table she was on collapsed. The Pennsylvania Supreme Court in that case found that workers compensation was not Mrs. Tatrai's exclusive remedy because her presence in the emergency room was not in furtherance of the affairs of her employer and was not required by reason of her employment. The Court noted that there was no reason to distinguish Tatrai from any other member of the general public injured in the course of treatment. Tatrai, 497 Pa. at 255, 439 A.2d at 1166.
We would distinguish the facts in the instant appeal from the circumstances which allowed a tort action in the Tatrai case. Here, Mr. Pavlek was injured while operating a machine in furtherance of the affairs of his employer and ...