The opinion of the court was delivered by: DITTER
Plaintiff, Gregory Styron, is seeking coverage as an "insured" under an uninsured motorist policy issued by defendant to Edward Styron, plaintiff's father. Plaintiff brought this action in state court to compel arbitration pursuant to the policy's arbitration clause and to appoint arbitrators. Defendant removed the case to federal court. Plaintiff moved to remand contending that actions to compel arbitration are not civil actions and thus not removable. Because actions to compel arbitration are civil actions and thus generally removable, I denied plaintiff's motion by order dated February 21, 1986. I now reconsider plaintiff's motion to remand on jurisdictional grounds, which a court may raise at any time without a motion by the parties.
The arbitration clause in the insurance policy binds "the insured" and the defendant and provides that the Pennsylvania Uniform Arbitration Act, 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 7301 et seq. (Purdon 1982) shall apply. The definition provisions of that act vest jurisdiction in the "Courts of this Commonwealth." See 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 7318. See also Merritt-Chapman & Scott Corp. v. Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, 387 F.2d 768, 772 (3d Cir. 1967) (exclusive jurisdiction of predecessor arbitration act within Pennsylvania state courts). Thus, if plaintiff is an "insured," the parties are bound by the arbitration agreement to proceed in state court, I may not exercise jurisdiction, and must remand this action. On the other hand, if plaintiff is not an insured, the parties are not bound by the arbitration clause to proceed in state court, I may exercise jurisdiction in this action, and can consider defendants pending motions. The parties dispute whether plaintiff is an insured.
The party asserting jurisdiction bears the burden of proving any facts necessary to show that jurisdiction exists. Here, the defendant, who removed this action to federal court, must shoulder this burden by showing that plaintiff is not an insured and thus not bound by the arbitration clause to proceed in state court.
Defendant has had the opportunity to prove the facts necessary to show jurisdiction in this court and has failed to sustain his burden of proof. Consequently, I must remand this action to state court and may not consider defendant's pending motions.
AND NOW, this 12th day of September, 1986 it is hereby ordered that this action is remanded to state court for the reasons stated in the accompanying memorandum.
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