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decided: July 24, 1986.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Lackawanna County in the cases of Cadchost, Inc. v. Mid Valley School District, No. 81 Civil 6029, and Underwood Realty Company, Inc. v. Mid Valley School District, No. 81 Civil 6030, dated July 12, 1985.


Lawrence J. Moran, for appellant.

John J. Brazil, Jr., for appellees.

Judges MacPhail, Doyle and Colins, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Doyle.

Author: Doyle

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 186]

Mid Valley School District (School District) appeals from the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Lackawanna

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 187]

County which denied the School District's motion for a new trial and let stand a judgment against the School District in the amount of $32,345.00.

The matter before us involves a series of negotiations undertaken by the School District in order to purchase land for the construction of a new secondary school building. In 1978, the School District entered into an option agreement with Cadchost, Inc. and Underwood Realty Co., Inc. (Appellees) for the purchase of from 70 to 168 acres of land at $2,000 per acre. Initially, an agreement for the purchase of 102.5 acres was proposed, but it was never finalized. Later, as a result of additional negotiations, the parties agreed that the School District would purchase 51.8 acres of land, with the provision that Appellees reimburse the School District for the expense of constructing an alternate sewer system to provide service to Appellees' remaining land. Due to legal action taken against the School District at this time,*fn1 however, this agreement was also never completed, and further negotiations were suspended.

Thereafter, the School District requested that the Appellees make another offer. On June 21, 1979, Appellees sent a letter to the School District's solicitor proposing three alternatives as their final offer. The solicitor presented these proposals to the School Board at an unofficial work session held by the School Board between June 17 and June 25, 1979, at which time at least seven of the nine Board members attended. After considering each of the three alternatives, the School Board decided to accept the proposal which offered the sale 52.7 acres at $2,000 per acre conditioned upon the School District itself bearing the cost of constructing

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 188]

    the alternate sewer plan which would run adjacent to, and service, Appellees' remaining land.*fn2 The School Board directed its solicitor to accept this proposal, and on June 29, 1979, the solicitor closed the agreement with Appellees' attorney.*fn3 Thereafter the School District paid the purchase price of $104,000.00, and the deeds were transferred. Construction was then commenced according to a construction contract which included the alternate sewer plan.

In the winter of 1980, the School District abandoned the alternate sewer plan set forth in the agreement on the advice of its architect. Appellees brought an action in assumpsit alleging breach of contract. A jury trial was held, and on February 15, 1984, a verdict was returned in favor of Appellees in the amount of $32,345.00. The School District's motion for a new trial was denied on July 12, 1985, and this appeal followed.

Before this Court the School District contends that the trial court erred in denying its motion for non-suit, arguing that the Appellees failed in their burden to establish that a majority of the School Board members approved the contract for the sale of land, and thus a valid contract had not been concluded.*fn4

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 189]

It is conceded that the present contract in question does not meet the requirements of Section 508 of the Public School Code of 1949,*fn5 24 P.S. ยง 5-508, in that the School Board's approval was not duly recorded by a formal vote in the minutes of a regularly scheduled board meeting.*fn6 In Mullen v. DuBois Area School District, 436 Pa. 211, 259 A.2d 877 (1969), however, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court held that the requirements of this Section of the Code are directory only, and not mandatory. The Court in Mullen concluded that the expression of the board members' approval required by statute could be evidenced in ways other than by a formal vote recorded in the minutes, provided that proof from which Board approval is inferred is solid. Id. at 216, 259 A.2d at 880. Rudolph v. Albert Gallatin School District, 60 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 456, 431 A.2d 1171 (1981); Kennedy v. Ringgold School District, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 191, 309 A.2d 269 (1973).

The School District contends that Appellees did not meet this high burden of proof in that they presented no evidence which could have supported the conclusion

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 190]

    that the School Board approved the contract in question. Appellees' evidence on this issue consisted of the testimony of John P. Pesota, Solicitor of the School District during the period the negotiations for the contract were taking place. Pesota testified as follows:

Q: Did you take [the proposals] up with the school board?

A: We had a work session with the school board. . . .

Q: Who was present at -- Let me ask you this. Were all the school board members present?

A: Well, I can't recall if all members were present. I believe that they all were. But I -- I couldn't say that every member -- It's a nine-member board. I can't say that each and every member was there.

Q: A majority of the board was there?

A: I believe most if not all were there. I'd say at least seven.

Q: Did the board finally choose one of those offers?

A: Well, it went through the proposal which appeared to be the least cost to the board at the time. That would have involved, essentially, the proposal for the $2,000 per acre, the agreement to bear the cost of the sewer and the $6,000 being -- no longer being applied to the purchase price but being, you might say, waived.

Q: They were aware of these conditions?

A: I explained these conditions to the board members, yes.

Q: Did the board authorize you to do anything?

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 191]

A: The board members at the work session indicated to me that they would prefer this would be followed.

Later, Pesota reiterated:

A: The board authorized me to negotiate the sale of the land on the terms which were spelled out at the work session.

Q: Did the board authorize you to accept that proposal?

A: They authorized me to close the land with that proposal. They were in agreement at the work session with that understanding.

This testimony clearly establishes that a majority of the members of the School Board approved of the Appellees' proposal as it was presented to them by their solicitor, and that they authorized the solicitor to enter into the contract under those terms. We believe that this evidence constitutes the type of "solid proof" required under the holding in Mullen.

The School District attempts to distinguish the facts in this case from those in Mullen, noting that in Mullen, the disputed contract was signed by the president and secretary of the board. Although evidence of the Board members' signatures would indeed support a conclusion that there was approval by the Board, there is nothing in the Mullen decision which suggests that this type of evidence is necessary to support such a conclusion. Although in the present case the contract for the sale of land was not signed by members of the Board, the Board's solicitor did give unequivocal testimony that the Board approved of the contract and authorized him to enter it and sign it on the School District's behalf.*fn7 The

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 192]

School District notes that this testimony was disputed by other evidence which attempted to establish that the solicitor was only authorized to negotiate a contract with Appellees, and not to bind the Board without its further approval. This was a matter of credibility, however, which was properly submitted to the jury for resolution.

Finally, the School District's reliance on our decision in School District of Philadelphia v. Framlau Corp., 15 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 621, 328 A.2d 866 (1974), is misplaced. In Framlau, we held that a school board was not bound by a settlement agreement which had been accepted by the school board president subject to later ratification by the full board. Id. at 628-29, 328 A.2d at 870. We stressed in that case that there could be no enforceable contract against the school district unless the contract had been acted upon and approved by a majority of the board members. Id. The facts of the present case are clearly distinguishable, since the evidence here indicates that the Board's solicitor entered the contract on behalf of the School Board only after a

[ 99 Pa. Commw. Page 193]

    majority of the members of the Board had authorized him to do so.

In conclusion, therefore, we must find that there was sufficient evidence to allow the case to reach the jury, and that the trial court did not err in denying the School District's motion for non-suit. Accordingly, we affirm the order of the court of common pleas which denied the School District's motion for new trial.


Now, July 24, 1986, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Lackawanna County, Docket Nos. 81 Civil 6029 and 81 Civil 6030, dated July 12, 1985, is hereby affirmed.



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