Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, in case of William J. Harkins, Deceased, Violet Harkins, Widow v. Gulf Oil Corporation, No. A-86061.
Christina J. Barbieri, with her, Carl M. Mazzocone, Kates & Mazzocone, for petitioner.
Stephen J. Harlen, Swartz, Campbell & Detweiler, for respondent, Gulf Oil Corporation.
Judges MacPhail, Colins and Palladino, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge MacPhail.
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 442]
Violet Harkins (Claimant), widow of William Harkins (Decedent), appeals a decision of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board), affirming a referee's denial of benefits under her fatal claim petition. We affirm.
At the time of his death, Decedent worked in a supervisory capacity for Gulf Oil Corporation (Employer). At the hearings before the referee, Claimant and a co-worker of Decedent testified, over the objections of opposing counsel, that some two weeks before Decedent's death, Decedent complained that he had experienced pains in his chest and shortness of breath after lifting a heavy drum at work. Claimant also introduced the deposition testimony of Dr. Victor Digilio who testified, inter alia, that Decedent's death was work-related and that the drum-lifting incident played a material part in precipitating Decedent's death. Employer presented the testimony of Dr. John Helwig who testified, inter alia, that Decedent's death was not related to his work duties and that, assuming Decedent suffered pain after lifting the drums, this episode bore no connection with
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 443]
his death two weeks later. Following the hearings, the referee found, based on the testimony of Dr. Helwig, that Decedent's death was not related to his work activities with Employer.
Claimant contends that the referee improperly excluded testimony from herself and the Decedent's co-worker regarding the relation to them by Decedent of the incident which occurred at the workplace two weeks before Decedent's death. The referee permitted both witnesses to testify but reserved his ruling on admissibility. He then permitted both medical witnesses to consider the testimony in rendering their expert opinions.
The referee subsequently ruled the testimony inadmissible, citing Cody v. S.K.F. Industries, Inc., 447 Pa. 558, 291 A.2d 772 (1972), as authority therefor. In Cody our Supreme Court held that statements made by a decedent to his wife concerning the occurrence of an accident at work were outside the res gestae exception to the hearsay exclusionary rule because such statements lacked the requisite spontaneity. Our own Court has consistently applied the Cody ruling. See Hatboro-Horsham School District v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 35 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 73, 384 A.2d 1050 (1978). House Moving and Industrial Rigging, Inc. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 38 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 21, 391 A.2d 1105 (1978), cited by Claimant is easily distinguished. There, our Court permitted the decedent's widow to testify as to decedent's complaints about pain and numbness but there was no attempt made to have the widow testify as to the cause of these symptoms.
Applying the same legal principles to the co-worker's testimony, the referee ruled that that testimony also must be excluded. Although the conversation between the ...