decided: June 18, 1986.
G.A. & F.C. WAGMAN, INC., APPELLANT
MANCHESTER TOWNSHIP, APPELLEE
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of York County in the case of G.A. & F.C. Wagman, Inc. v. Manchester Township, No. 82-S-2276.
Neal S. West, with him, John S. Oyler, McNees, Wallace & Nurick, for appellant.
David C. Keiter, Seidensticker, Keiter, Tarlow & Baughman, P.C., for appellee.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge Colins, and Senior Judge Rogers, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Senior Judge Rogers.
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 241]
G.A. & F.C. Wagman, Inc. (Wagman) has appealed from that portion of an order of the Court of Common Pleas of York County which upholds Business Privilege
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 242]
Tax Ordinance No. 78-15, of Manchester Township (Township), purporting to tax Wagman's gross receipts from intrastate business outside the Township and denies Wagman's claim for refund of such taxes paid on account of intrastate business outside the Township.*fn1
Wagman is a Pennsylvania corporation with its principal place of business, including its corporate headquarters and home office, in the Township. Wagman is engaged in the business of heavy highway construction in the Mid-Atlantic states. A majority of its business since 1979 has been performed outside the Township.
On January 1, 1979, the Township imposed a business privilege tax at the rate of one mill on each dollar of volume of the gross annual receipts of every person engaging in any business in the Township. In 1979, Wagman paid $22,208.25 in taxes based on gross receipts of its interstate and intrastate services; in 1980 it paid $32,430.42 based on in-state and out-of-state services; in 1981, Wagman paid $12,135.00, attributable solely to intrastate services.
In March 1982, Wagman requested a refund of taxes it had paid to the Township in 1979 and 1980 in the amount of $54,448.73; its refund claim was denied. Wagman then brought a declaratory judgment action seeking a declaration that it was not required to pay the Township's Business Privilege Tax on gross receipts generated by services performed outside of Pennsylvania or services performed within Pennsylvania but outside the Township and that it was entitled to a refund for taxes erroneously paid for the tax years 1979, 1980, and 1981 in the amount of $66,583.72. The common pleas court
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 243]
held that the Township's Business Privilege Tax Ordinance was valid and enforceable as it applied to Wagman's intrastate receipts for work outside the Township but that the ordinance was not applicable to interstate receipts. The court held that Wagman was entitled to a refund of $43,553, representing amounts paid in 1979 and 1980 attributable to interstate gross receipts. The Township has not appealed. Wagman filed exceptions to that portion of the order upholding the Business Privilege Tax Ordinance as it applied to its intrastate receipts. The exceptions were dismissed and this appeal followed.
Wagman contends that the Township's Business Privilege Tax imposed on receipts from work performed or services rendered within Pennsylvania but without the Township exceeds the Township's taxing authority.
Section 2 of the Local Tax Enabling Act, Act of December 31, 1965, P.L. 1257, as amended, 53 P.S. § 6902, provides that certain "political subdivisions . . . may . . . by ordinance . . . levy . . . such taxes as they shall determine on persons, transactions, occupations, privileges, and upon the transfer of real property within the limits of such political subdivisions. . . ." Pursuant to Section 2 of the Local Tax Enabling Act, the Township has enacted Business Privilege Tax Ordinance No. 78-15. Section 103 of that ordinance provides that "every person engaging in any business in the Township of Manchester shall pay an annual tax at the rate of one (1) mill on each dollar of volume of the gross annual receipts thereto." The ordinance in Section 102(f) defines gross receipts as "cash, credits, property of any kind or nature, received in or allocable or attributable to the Township of Manchester from any business . . . or services rendered . . . or commercial or business transaction had within the Township of Manchester. . . ." Section 102(c)(1) of the ordinance defines business as follows:
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 244]
[C]arrying on or exercising whether for gain or profit or otherwise within the Township of Manchester any trade, business, including but not limited to financial business . . . , profession, vocation, service, construction, communication or commercial activity, or making sales to persons or rendered services from or attributable to a Manchester Township office or place of business.
We have previously interpreted a similar business privilege tax ordinance in Gilberti v. City of Pittsburgh, 89 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 541, 493 A.2d 137 (1985).*fn2 In Gilberti, the taxpayer appealed a deficiency assessment against him on the ground that the city lacked power to impose a business privilege tax on gross receipts arising from services performed in Pennsylvania, but outside the city. The city's code in that case defined business as, among other things, "rendering services from or attributable to a bona fide City office or place of business." We declared that portion of the code to be invalid as applied to gross receipts from services rendered outside the city limits. We find Gilberti to be indistinguishable from the situation in the present case.
Gilberti was preceded by Borough of Brookhaven v. Century 21, 57 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 211, 425 A.2d 466 (1981). In Brookhaven, the ordinance imposed a business privilege tax on receipts from services, "whether or not the services are performed in the Borough of Brookhaven." We found that the borough intended to tax services performed outside its boundaries; but we concluded that since the Local Tax Enabling Act authorizes the imposition of a tax on privileges within
[ 98 Pa. Commw. Page 245]
the limits of the municipality, services performed outside the borough could not be taxed. The writer of this opinion filed a dissent in Brookhaven and continues to entertain the views set out therein; but the law is that expressed in Gilberti and Brookhaven.
The Township claims that this matter is governed by O.H. Martin Company v. Sharpsburg Borough, 376 Pa. 242, 102 A.2d 125 (1954), and that that case stands for the proposition that the Township can tax gross receipts on services performed outside the Township limits. In O.H. Martin, a corporation challenged the validity of a borough's ordinance which imposed a business privilege tax on "all persons offering any service . . . to the general public . . . from places . . . within the Borough" on the ground that the ordinance unlawfully attempted to tax receipts from interstate commerce. The Supreme Court agreed and held that the borough could not tax receipts generated by interstate business. The corporation, however, did not challenge the authority of the borough to tax transactions within the state but without the borough, and that issue, therefore, was not before the court. Hence, O.H. Martin is not controlling or indeed persuasive.
In light of this court's decisions in Gilberti and Brookhaven, we are therefore constrained to hold that the Township's Business Privilege Tax Ordinance No. 78-15, to the extent it imposes a tax on gross receipts generated by services performed outside the township, is an invalid extension of the Township's power to tax transactions, occupations, and privileges under Section 2 of the Local Tax Enabling Act.*fn3
The order below appealed from, insofar as it upheld the Township's authority to tax Wagman's gross receipts
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from intrastate business conducted outside the Township and denied Wagman's claim for refund of such taxes, is reversed.
And Now, this 18th day of June, 1986, that portion of the order of the Court of Common Pleas of York County in the above-captioned matter upholding Manchester Township's authority to tax G.A. & F.C. Wagman, Inc.'s gross receipts from intrastate business conducted outside Manchester Township and denying its claim for refund is reversed.