submitted: June 2, 1986.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLEE,
CHARLES CAIN, APPELLANT
Appeal From Judgment of Sentence, Court of Common Pleas, criminal Division, Bucks County No. 2467/1984
John J. Fioravanti, Assistant Public Defender, Warminster, for appellant.
Alan M. Rubenstein, District Attorney, Philadelphia, for Com., appellee.
Cavanaugh, Popovich and Montgomery, JJ.
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 199]
The appellant, Charles Roy Cain, was found guilty of statutory rape, forcible rape, deviate sexual intercourse and indecent assault following a jury trial before Bortner, J. Motions in arrest of judgment and for new trial were denied. Appellant was sentenced to 7 1/2 to 15 years imprisonment for rape and statutory rape and 7 1/2 to 15 years imprisonment for involuntary deviate sexual intercourse and indecent assault the sentences to be served consecutively
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 200]
upon the expiration of the sentence for rape. An appeal was taken to this court from the judgment of sentence.
The evidence established that on April 18, 1984, two brothers, Randy and Richard, who were eight and ten years of age respectively, went fishing with the appellant at his invitation. The appellant picked the boys up after school and took them in his car to Neshaminy Creek in Warwick Township, Bucks County. The testimony of both boys established that during this fishing trip the appellant had deviate sexual intercourse with them.
On April 28, 1984 the appellant again invited the boys to go fishing at the same location. On this trip another boy, Michael, who was the cousin of Randy and Richard, also went along. When the group arrived at the fishing site the boys put up a tent. While Michael was fishing, appellant took both of the boys separately into the tent and again had deviate sexual intercourse with them. At one point the appellant threatened to kill Randy.
On May 4, 1984 the two brothers told their mother of what the appellant had done to them on April 18 and April 28, 1984. The incident was immediately reported to the police by their mother.
The appellant contends that the trial court erred in allowing Richard's mother to testify to a statement made to her by Richard six days after the second incident occurred. Richard's mother became suspicious that something was wrong when he said he did not want to go with the appellant on another fishing trip. When his mother asked whether the appellant had abused Richard, the boy replied in the affirmative. Over objection by defense counsel, she testified at trial that Richard answered, "Yes mom. He had sex with me." On appeal, appellant argues that the trial judge erred in allowing the mother to testify to Richard's statement.
On cross examination defense counsel impeached Richard's credibility. Defense counsel stressed repeatedly that
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 201]
Richard had gone over his story with the police on four separate occasions and with three assistant district attorneys.*fn1 The implication that defense counsel obviously intended to convey was that Richard was coached in his testimony. Richard's credibility was further placed in question when defendant testified in his own defense and described his fishing trip in detail, categorically denying that he sexually abused the two boys in any way.
Prior declarations of a witness which are consistent with his present testimony may be admitted to corroborate his testimony at trial if impugned, expressly or impliedly, as the product of recent fabrication, particularly when improper
[ 358 Pa. Super. Page 202]
influence of the witness is implicated. See Commonwealth v. Cruz, 489 Pa. 559, 414 A.2d 1032 (1980). Commonwealth v. Clark, 355 Pa. Super. 200, 512 A.2d 1282 (1986). As noted in Commonwealth v. Gore, 262 Pa. Super. 540, 550, 396 A.2d 1302, 1307 (1978), "it is not necessary that the impeachment be explicit, i.e., that an actual allegation of recent fabrication be made, but only that a jury be able to reasonably infer that such is occurring." See also Commonwealth v. Bailey, 322 Pa. Super. 249, 469 A.2d 604 (1983); Commonwealth v. Kjersgaard, 276 Pa. Super. 368, 419 A.2d 502 (1980).
While the defense did not expressly attack Richard's testimony as a recent fabrication, it did so impliedly by emphasizing that the ten year old boy had gone over his testimony on numerous occasions before trial with the police and the district attorney.*fn2 This, coupled with the express denial of any sexual misconduct by the appellant, could lead a jury to infer that the imaginative recollection of an impressionable youth was influenced by his contacts with conviction oriented public officials. Therefore, the testimony of his mother, relating what he said before his contacts with the police and district attorney, was admissible to rebut the inference.
We have reviewed the other issues raised by appellant in a separate Memorandum Opinion to be filed today and none of them warrant a new trial.
Judgment of sentence affirmed.