decided: May 27, 1986.
ANNA STEINER AND DAVID STEINER, HER HUSBAND, MICHAEL STEINER, A MINOR BY ANNA STEINER, HIS GUARDIAN AND DOUGLAS STEINER, A MINOR BY ANNA STEINER, HIS GUARDIAN, APPELLANTS
THE CITY OF PITTSBURGH, APPELLEE
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, in case of Anna Steiner and David Steiner, her husband, Michael Steiner, a minor by Anna Steiner, his guardian, and Douglas Steiner, a minor by Anna Steiner, his guardian v. The City of Pittsburgh, No. GD 83-21623.
Kenneth W. Behrend, Behrend, Morrow, Ernsberger and Moran, for appellants.
Robert B. Smith, Assistant City Solicitor, with him, D. R. Pellegrini, City Solicitor, for appellee.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judges Rogers, Craig, MacPhail, Barry, Colins and Palladino. Opinion by Judge Colins.
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 441]
Anna and David Steiner, husband and wife, and their minor children, Michael and Douglas Steiner (appellants) appeal an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County which granted the Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings filed by the City of Pittsburgh (appellee) and dismissed their Amended Complaint as barred by the "Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act" (Code).*fn1
In the procedural posture of this case, we are confronted not with the merits, as such, but solely with the issue of whether the allegations in appellants' Amended Complaint were sufficient to warrant a trial.*fn2 Our reading of the pleadings confirms the conclusion of the trial court that appellants' suit was barred.
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 442]
Appellants' Amended Complaint in trespass sought damages for the physical, emotional and economic harm caused by the "wanton and reckless misconduct [of appellee] and by [its] violation of statutorily declared public interests." We accept as true*fn3 the following facts. On December 29, 1981, the appellant, Mrs. Steiner, upon hearing an intruder enter her home, dialed "911" on her telephone, the number of the public emergency center operated by appellee.*fn4 Mrs. Steiner had time to give her address to the "911" operator before the intruder entered her room. By appellants' averments:
The operator ignored Mrs. Steiner's pleas for help . . . It was willful, wanton and malicious conduct that an information clerk working on an emergency telephone system would not report that she had 'missed' some information, instead of notifying her supervisor, she decided to make a judgment and evaluate the severity of the complaint by totally ignoring the complaint.
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 443]
Mrs. Steiner was raped by the intruder; he was never apprehended.
Appellee filed a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings in which it averred that appellants' suit was barred by the doctrine of governmental immunity, and by an order and opinion dated December 3, 1984, the trial court granted said Motion and dismissed appellants' Amended Complaint. In its abbreviated opinion, the trial court found that suit was barred by the Code and, in addition, was controlled by this Court's decision in Morris v. Musser, 84 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 170, 478 A.2d 937 (1984). Appellants' appeal to this Court followed.
Upon careful examination of the factual allegations, we conclude that appellee is statutorily immune from suit. The general grant of immunity enunciated in 42 Pa. C.S. § 8541 has been waived under certain circumstances in 42 Pa. C.S. §§ 8542(a) and (b) as follows:
(a) Liability imposed. -- A local agency shall be liable for damages on account of an injury to a person or property within the limits set forth in this subchapter if both of the following conditions are satisfied and the injury occurs as a result of one of the acts set forth in subsection (b):*fn5
(1) The damages would be recoverable under common law or a statute creating a cause of action if the injury were caused by a person not having available a defense under section 8541
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 444]
(relating to governmental immunity generally) or section 8546 (relating to defense of official immunity); and
(2) The injury was caused by the negligent acts of the local agency or an employee thereof acting within the scope of his office or duties with respect to one of the categories listed in subsection (b). As used in this paragraph, 'negligent acts' shall not include acts or conduct which constitute a crime, actual fraud, actual malice or willful misconduct. (Emphasis supplied.)
To impose liability upon appellee in the instant matter, the burden of proof faced by appellants was thus two-tiered: appellants had to prove that (1) their injuries occurred as the result of an act or acts for which damages would be recoverable under common law or a statute creating a cause of action and (2) that their injuries were caused by the negligent acts of the agency or its employees acting within the scope of their duties with respect to one of the categories of waiver. Chevalier v. City of Philadelphia, 91 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 36, 496 A.2d 900 (1985).
Nowhere in their multi-count Complaint do appellants detail what allegations of negligence were committed by appellee. On the contrary, the allegations solely apprise acts of the operator and, further, are couched in terms of willful and intentional conduct, rather than in negligence. Appellants aver in their Complaint that the [appellee] is "responsible to Mrs. Steiner for the wanton and willful misconduct of its '911' operator." We do not agree. Such intentional acts of an employee acting within the scope of his office are specifically excluded from imposing liability upon the local agency by the language of Section 8542(a)(2). We note further that the pleading fails to name the operator allegedly implicated here.
Appellants' reference to 42 Pa. C.S. § 8550, relating to willful misconduct, as subsuming the general retention
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 445]
of municipal immunity, is misplaced. While Section 8550 indeed waives four specific immunities*fn6 for willful misconduct, each of the waived immunities exposes municipal employees to personal liability "without dissolving the shield of general immunity retained by municipalities." Buskirk v. Seiple, 560 F. Supp. 247, 252 (E.D. Pa. 1983). In addressing this same issue, a learned commentator observed that although the "liability of a political subdivision is based primarily on personal liability of its officials through the operation of respondeat superior," the Code does not purport to impose governmental liability for the willful, tortious misconduct of its employees. Buskirk at 252, citing Lajeunesse, The Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act: Pennsylvania's Response to the Problems of Municipal Tort Liability, 84 Dick L. Rev. 717, 747 and 750 (1980).
Inasmuch as a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings denies a party the right to fully develop his theories and averments at trial, a motion to that effect should be denied if a proper and seasonable amendment will cure pleading defects. Bata v. Central-Penn National Bank, 423 Pa. 373, 224 A.2d 174 (1966), cert. denied, 386 U.S. 1007 (1967). We note that appellants were permitted to amend their Complaint*fn7 to include
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 446]
the above-cited language regarding the "willful, wanton and malicious conduct" of the operator in failing to notify her supervisor that she had "missed" the content of Mrs. Steiner's call. At no time in these proceedings did appellants propose an amendment to the pleadings averring acts of negligence on the part of the operator.
Assuming arguendo, that the acts of the operator amounted to negligence, we do not find that such inactions comprise a recognizable common law claim so as to impose liability upon appellee. See Morris (police officer not liable for failing to furnish prompt and efficient aid to a citizen). See also, Melendez by Melendez v. City of Philadelphia, 320 Pa. Superior Ct. 59, 466 A.2d 1060 (1983) (city not liable for failing to protect minor injured in racially-troubled neighborhood).
Because appellants' Complaint fails to set forth allegations arguably warranting a trial, we affirm the Common Pleas Court's dismissal of appellants' Amended Complaint.
And Now, May 27, 1986, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, dated December 3, 1984, No. GD83-21623, is affirmed.