Appeals from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, in cases of In Re: Claim of Daniel Nawrocki et al., No. B-233056; Claim of Mary Ann Brabender et al., No. B-233057; Claim of Ronald E. Mielewski et al., No. B-233058; Claim of Holly Welte et al., No. B-233059, and Claim of Marie Katz et al., No. B-233060, dated July 30, 1984.
George Levin, Shamp, Levin, Arduini & Hain, for petitioners.
Richard C. Langler, with him, Michael I. Levin and William Fearen, Cleckner and Fearen, for respondent.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge Colins, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish, Jr.
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 123]
Daniel Nawrocki and four other token claimants*fn1 representing the professional employees of the Erie School District (District) appeal Unemployment Compensation Board of Review orders upholding referee decisions and denying them benefits because their unemployment occurred during a summer vacation period between two regular school sessions. Section 402.1(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Law).*fn2 We affirm these orders.
The District's Board of Directors (Directors) voted to commence the 1981-82 school year on September 8, 1981. The preceding five school years school had begun in late August. The claimants seek benefits for the two weeks constituting the difference in the 1980-81 and 1981-82 starting dates, characterizing this period of unemployment as a lockout.*fn3
[ 97 Pa. Commw. Page 124]
Because the claimants, who have the burden of proving that unemployment results from a lockout by the employer,*fn4 did not prevail below, our scope of review is to determine whether the findings of fact are consistent with each other and with the conclusions of law and can be sustained without a capricious disregard of competent evidence. Southard v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 88 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 578, 490 A.2d 952 (1985). Whether unemployment results from a lockout is a mixed question of law and fact subject to our review. Odgers.
A lockout occurs when an employer rejects its employees' offer to maintain the status quo under the terms and conditions of the expired collective bargaining agreement pending negotiations on a new contract. Lehigh County Community College v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 81 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 348, 473 A.2d 727 (1984).
The claimants contend that the District altered the status quo under the old collective bargaining agreement, that expired June 30, 1981, when it implemented the later starting date. We disagree.
Section 1504(a) of the Public School Code of 1949*fn5 empowers the Directors to fix the date for the commencement of the school year. The school commencement date was not a term or condition of the old collective bargaining agreement. Although this contract required the District's superintendent to invite the president of the professional employees' union to discuss the school calendar during its formulation, the union's ...