Appeal from the Order of October 4, 1984, in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Criminal Division, at No. Misc. No. 849 133321.
Richard A. Sprague, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Kathleen A. McDonnell, Assistant District Attorney, Philadelphia, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Brosky, McEwen and Hester, JJ. McEwen, J., files a dissenting opinion.
[ 351 Pa. Super. Page 468]
Appellant appeals from the trial court's denial of his petition to expunge the record of his 1954 armed robbery conviction. We agree with the trial court that the relevant precedent of this Commonwealth requires the denial of appellant's petition.*fn1 Accordingly, we affirm.
On December 1, 1954, appellant pleaded guilty to armed robbery and was sentenced to one and one-half to five years imprisonment. In April, 1956, he was paroled after serving
[ 351 Pa. Super. Page 469]
his minimum and remained on parole throughout the balance of his five-year sentence. He has not been involved in criminal activity since that time.
Appellant has been employed by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) since 1961, rising from a kennel keeper to the position of shelter supervisor. In that position he supervises fifty employees, retains the authority to hire and fire, maintains budgetary responsibilities, and participates in the formation of SPCA policy. In 1984, appellant received a gubernatorial pardon for reasons other than innocence.
Appellant argues that the trial court's reliance upon Commonwealth v. Homison, 253 Pa. Super. 486, 385 A.2d 443 (1978), was error because that case was decided incorrectly. In the alternative he claims that Homison is distinguishable and thus not controlling. Finally, he asserts that cases decided subsequent to Homison mandate expungement in this matter.
The law of this Commonwealth is clear. Rehabilitation and post-conviction accomplishments are not grounds for expungement of the record of a criminal conviction. Commonwealth v. Magdon, 310 Pa. Super. 84, 456 A.2d 194 (1983). Further, "[t]he grant of a pardon (for reasons other than innocence) by the Governor of our state does not entitle one who has been convicted of a crime to expunction of his criminal record." Commonwealth v. Binder, 267 Pa. Super. 558, 559-60, 407 A.2d 50, 51 (1979), citing Commonwealth v. Homison, supra.
We do not agree with appellant that Homison is no longer controlling. It is true that Magdon suggested that the recourse for an aggrieved convict, whose record curtails employment opportunities, is to apply for relief from the Board of Pardons. It does not necessarily follow, however, that a pardon is grounds for expungement. The Magdon court may have simply intimated that a ...