Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the case of In Re: Claim of Sandra Flatley, No. B-224409.
Lawrence E. Flatley, Reed, Smith, Shaw & McClay, for petitioner.
Charles G. Hasson, Acting Deputy Chief Counsel, with him, Charles D. Donahue, Associate Counsel, for respondent.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge Colins, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Colins.
Sandra Flatley (claimant) petitions for review of a decision and order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) affirming a referee's decision*fn1 denying claimant benefits because of ineligibility as defined in Section 402(b) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Act). Act of December 5, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 802(b). Claimant worked as a registrar for the Penn Lakes Girl Scout Council in Meadville, Pennsylvania, from April 1, 1981, until June 30, 1983, when she voluntarily quit her job to join her husband in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who had been promoted and transferred after years of employment by Ligget and Myers in Meadville. Claimant testified at her hearing
that moving to Pittsburgh was a condition of her husband's promotion, and that the couple had two teenage daughters.
Claimant initially argues that she met the burden of showing that her family obligations were necessitous and compelling reasons for a voluntary quit. Under any test, a voluntary quit claimant bears the burden of proving a cause of necessitous and compelling nature for her action. Bacon v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 89 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 35, 37, 491 A.2d 944, 945 (1985). Necessitous and compelling circumstances are those which produce pressure to terminate employment which is both real and substantial, and which would compel a reasonable person under the circumstances to act in a like manner. Taylor v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 474 Pa. 351, 359, 378 A.2d 829, 832-33 (1977).
The law is set forth in Kleban v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 73 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 540, 459 A.2d 53 (1983), in which the burden is placed on the claimant to "demonstrate that her resignation from her job was a reasonable and good faith decision," Id. at 546-48, 459 A.2d at 56-57, and in the lead case of Wheeler v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 69 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 201, 450 A.2d 775 (1982), which requires the claimant to show that her spouse's relocation was due to "circumstances beyond the control of the husband [spouse]." Id. at 206, 450 A.2d 778.*fn2
This issue cannot be decided based on the record as it now stands because the husband did not testify at the hearing. The claimant was not at fault in failing to put forth the husband's testimony. As she properly argues, the referee abused his discretion by failing to grant a requested continuance for the purpose of allowing the husband to testify at the time of the hearing. Counsel for claimant states, and the record confirms, that he informed the referee that the husband was away on business the hearing day and that counsel specifically requested a continuance for the purpose of presenting testimony by claimant's husband regarding the circumstances of his relocation as required by Wheeler.
The claimant received only seven (7) days notice of the hearing date; the seven (7) days included the intervening Labor Day holiday; she contacted counsel on Thursday, who had but one working day to discover that the husband's testimony was required, that the husband would be unavailable to testify and to give notice relating to the ...