The opinion of the court was delivered by: CALDWELL
William W. Caldwell, United States District Judge
Plaintiffs, Samuel E. Bussard, Jr. and John R. Bussard, filed a complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging that Raymond E. Neil, a Pennsylvania State Trooper, maliciously prosecuted plaintiffs in violation of their civil rights by issuing numerous traffic citations to plaintiffs without probable cause and with malice. Trooper Neil's supervisors, Lieutenant Charles Wheeler, Captain Glen A. Walp and Acting State Police Commissioner Dellarciprete are named as defendants under the theory of respondent superior.
The complaint alleges that defendants' actions entitle plaintiffs to injunctive, compensatory and punitive relief. Plaintiff also asserted a pendent state tort claim for malicious prosecution.
Summary judgment is only appropriate when there is no genuine issue of material fact and when the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See Fragale & Sons Beverage Co. v. Dill, 760 F.2d 469 (1985). The material facts of this case are not in dispute. Accordingly, it is an appropriate one for summary judgment. Having reviewed the briefs filed on the motion, the pleadings and supporting affidavits, for the reasons set forth below, we grant summary judgment for defendant Neil on the civil rights claim and dismiss plaintiffs' state law claim for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
Trooper Neil issued two citations to Samuel Bussard on September 2, 1983 because his tractor-trailer allegedly violated certain registration requirements of the Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code. On September 22, 1983, Trooper Neil stopped the same tractor-trailer and issued seven more citations to Samuel Bussard. On September 30, 1983, the District Justice found Samuel Bussard guilty of all of the cited violations except one.
On December 8, 1983, John Bussard, while driving the same tractor-trailer, was stopped by Trooper Neil and charged with four violations of the Motor Vehicle Code. On December 14, 1983, the District Justice found John Bussard guilty of the four violations. Plaintiffs appealed their convictions to the Court of Common Pleas of Bedford County. Upon a trial de novo, the court on March 12, 1984, found plaintiffs not guilty of the alleged violations. Subsequent to the court's ruling, Trooper Neil issued additional citations against Samuel Bussard for different violations of the Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code. Upon these facts plaintiffs allege that Trooper Neil has maliciously prosecuted them in violation of their rights under Pennsylvania law and their civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
A. Plaintiffs' State Law Claims
Plaintiffs assert that the doctrine of pendent jurisdiction empowers this court to rule upon their state law claim for malicious prosecution. We do not agree. The Supreme Court recently determined in Pennhurst State School and Hospital v. Halderman, 465 U.S. 89, 79 L. Ed. 2d 67, 104 S. Ct. 900 (1984) ("Pennhurst II"), that the Eleventh Amendment bars suits in federal court against state officials brought on the basis of state law when, as here, the relief sought would have a direct impact on the state itself. Though pendent jurisdiction might otherwise be appropriate, "'the Eleventh Amendment is an explicit limitation on the judicial power of the United States.'" Id. at , 104 S. Ct. at 918, 79 L. Ed. 2d at 91 (quoting Missouri v. Fiske, 290 U.S. 18, 25, 78 L. Ed. 145, 149, 54 S. Ct. 18, 20 (1933)). This constitutional limitation on our jurisdiction renders insignificant the doctrine of pendent jurisdiction. Allegheny County Sanitary Authority v. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 732 F.2d 1167, 1173 (3d Cir. 1984). Accordingly, we must dismiss plaintiffs' state law claim for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
B. Plaintiffs' Civil Rights Claim.
Plaintiffs allege that defendant Neil has maliciously prosecuted them in violation of their civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 when he issued the traffic citations to them. It is clear in the Third Circuit that malicious prosecution is actionable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Losch v. Borough of Parkesburg, 736 F.2d 903, 907 (3d Cir. 1984). The tort rises to constitutional dimensions because it ...