The opinion of the court was delivered by: DIAMOND
GUSTAVE DIAMOND, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Presently before the court are cross-motions for summary judgment filed by the plaintiff and defendants in the above-captioned case. For the reasons set forth below, plaintiff's motion will be granted in part and denied in part, and defendants' motion will be granted in part and denied in part.
This action arose out of plaintiff's employment with and subsequent discharge by the defendant corporation. In Count I of the complaint, pursuant to the Federal Labor Standards Act ("FLSA"), 29 U.S.C.A. § 201 et seq. (1965), the plaintiff claims that he was wrongfully classified as a salaried employee by the defendant corporation, and seeks $ 44,504.52 in unpaid overtime wages and liquidated damages. In Count II the plaintiff claims that he was wrongfully discharged for asserting his statutory rights under the FLSA and the Pennsylvania Minimum Wage Act of 1968, and seeks $ 54,502.52 in unpaid overtime wages, liquidated damages, and punitive damages.
The defendants respond that the plaintiff was a bona fide administrative or professional employee, and, thus, was exempt from the overtime provisions of the FLSA. Defendants further respond that the plaintiff was not wrongfully discharged because he was properly dismissed for poor job performance.
The following uncontested facts are taken from the pleadings of the parties and the defendants' answers to the plaintiff's first set of interrogatories.
The corporate defendant, Business Information Corp. ("BIC"), is a Pennsylvania corporation, which investigates and collects information for insurance companies, businesses and individuals. The individual defendants are the shareholders and managers of BIC. For the purposes of this litigation, the parties have stipulated that BIC is engaged in interstate commerce.
The plaintiff, John E. Gusdonovich, Jr., is a former employee of BIC, who had been employed in the capacity of "investigator" from July of 1979 through January of 1982. During this time the plaintiff's primary duty was the investigation of insurance claims. Such investigation included the search of public records, the serving of subpoenas and orders, surveillance, the interrogation of witnesses, and additional duties arising in the course of and subsequent to such investigations. The majority of this work was done away from BIC's office. The plaintiff was not a licensed private investigator, and he did not supervise the work of any employees of BIC. No specialized education was required to obtain a job as an investigator with BIC. Defendants' answers to plaintiff's interrogatories at 43.
I. Administrative and Professional Exemptions
The parties first seek summary judgment on the issue, whether the plaintiff was a bona fide administrative or professional employee within the meaning of 29 U.S.C.A. § 213(a)(1) (1965) and 19 C.F.R. §§ 541.2, 541.3, thus, rendering him exempt from the overtime provisions of 29 U.S.C.A. § 207.
The defendants contend that the plaintiff was an administrative employee within the meaning of 29 C.F.R. § 541.2 because his position was directly related to the management policies and general business operations of BIC, and he exercised a great deal of discretion and independent judgment in such things as deciding which informants to interrogate, what elements of an investigation to pursue, what questions to ask, what records to search, and how to follow up on a record search. They assert that this work was done with only general supervision. Defendants further contend that the plaintiff was a professional employee within the meaning of 29 C.F.R. § 541.3 because his position required creativity, imagination, and talent, and because it was predominantly intellectual in character.
The plaintiff responds that he was not an administrative employee because his position was not directly related to the management policies or general business operations of BIC, nor did he regularly exercise discretion and independent judgment within the meaning of 29 C.F.R. § 541.2. Plaintiff further responds that he was not a professional employee because his position did not require the advanced education required by 29 C.F.R. § 541.3.
In a motion for summary judgment, the moving party must demonstrate that there is no genuine issue of material fact and that he is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). In considering a motion for summary judgment, a court must assume the resolution of any issue in favor of the non-movant, and determine whether the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. First Jersey National Bank v. Dome Petroleum, Ltd., 723 F.2d 335 (3d Cir. 1983). See e.g. Hollinger v. Wagner Mining ...