Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Adams County in case of Thomas C. Sanders, Jr. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety, No. 83-S-293.
David K. James, III, Kuhn & James, for appellant.
Harold H. Cramer, Assistant Counsel, with him, Spencer A. Manthorpe, Chief Counsel, and Jay C. Waldman, General Counsel, for appellee.
Judges Craig and Palladino and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig.
[ 89 Pa. Commw. Page 610]
Motorist Thomas Sanders has appealed from a decision of the Court of Common Pleas of Adams County, which affirmed a five-year revocation of his motor vehicle driving privileges as a habitual offender on the basis of three convictions of violating 75 Pa. C.S. § 3731, driving under the influence of alcohol. He had committed the violations on January 11, 1978, June 14, 1981 and September 25, 1982 -- all within a five-year period. The date of conviction for the last offense was not until March 21, 1983, outside the five-year period which began with the date he committed the first offense.
The issue is whether habitual offender status is attained when the commission of three specified offenses has occurred within a five-year period, even if the date of conviction for one of them falls outside that period. The question is one of first impression.
This court affirms the decision of the Common Pleas Court of Adams County by adopting the memorandum opinion of President Judge Spicer which reads as follows:
[ 89 Pa. Commw. Page 611]
Petitioner claims the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) wrongly applied 75 Pa. C.S.A. § 1542(a) and classified him as a habitual offender. That section contains the following definition:
Petitioner reads the section to require that convictions occur within the five-year period. However, the clear reading of the section shows that the commissions of the offenses, and not the convictions which result, must occur within the five-year period.
Although various Vehicle Code sections, as cited in the Sanders brief, mention "conviction" in numerous places, they obviously rely upon conviction as the basis for confirming the commission of an offense. As President Judge Spicer rightly recognized, the temporal measurement is ...