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decided: February 21, 1985.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County in case of In Re: Incorporation of the Borough of Bridgewater, No. A-34 Misc. Docket, Page 216 of 1979.


Marc Lamer, for appellant.

Christopher F. Gorbey, for appellee, Township of Chester.

Judges Williams, Jr. and Palladino and Senior Judge Barbieri, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Palladino. This decision was reached prior to the resignation of Judge Williams, Jr.

Author: Palladino

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 600]

This case arises from the denial by the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County of a Petition for the Right to Incorporate the Borough of Bridgewater (Petition). For the reasons set forth below, we affirm.

The proposed borough, also known as "Toby Farms", consists of ninety-two acres, and lies within Chester Township in Delaware County. Pursuant to Section 202 of The Borough Code,*fn1 the Petition, signed by a majority of the freeholders residing in the proposed borough, was filed with the Court of Common Pleas (trial court) on July 5, 1979. Exceptions to the Petition were filed by Chester Township and the Chester-Upland School District. Because of the resignation of the solicitor of Chester Township and delays in finding a replacement, no action was taken on the Petition until 1981, when the trial court ordered the Petition to be amended and recirculated. The amended petition was filed on June 23, 1981 and the initial hearing was held on September 17, 1981.

At that hearing, the Township entered a motion requesting the trial court to proceed under the amended version of Section 202, which required the

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 601]

    trial court to appoint a five-member Borough Advisory Committee (Committee).*fn2 A Committee was established, it held several hearings, and submitted its report to the trial court on July 29, 1982. The Committee concluded that the disadvantages of creating the Borough of Bridgewater outweighed the advantages, and recommended that the borough should not be incorporated. Two members of the Committee dissented and filed a minority report.

The trial court adopted as part of its opinion the history, conclusions on jurisdiction and findings of fact of the Committee's report, and noted with approval the discussion section of that report. After reviewing the testimony and evidence presented, and considering the advice of the Committee, the trial court concluded that to permit the proposed incorporation

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 602]

    would be destructive of the remaining portion of Chester Township, and denied the petition. This appeal followed.*fn3

Appellant initially argues that our scope of review under the amended version of Section 202 should be to determine whether the conditions of that section were satisfied, and if so to direct the trial court to certify the matter for referendum.

Under the prior version of Section 202, our scope of review was limited to determining whether the trial court abused its discretion in granting or denying the petition. This court's decision in Bear Creek Township v. Penn Lake Park Borough, 20 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 77, 340 A.2d 642 (1975) set forth three guidelines for a trial court to follow in exercising its discretion under that section.*fn4

The amendments to this section to a large extent incorporate the three court-made guidelines as the three specific areas on which the Committee is to render expert advice and findings of fact for the trial court. Subsections (c) and (d) state:

(c) Such committee shall, within sixty days of its creation, advise the court in relation to the establishment of the proposed borough.

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 603]

In particular, the committee shall render expert advice and findings of fact relating to the desirability of such an incorporation, including, but not limited to, advice as to:

(1) the proposed borough's ability to obtain or provide adequate and reasonable community support services, such as police protection, fire protection and other appropriate community facility services;

(2) the existing and potential commercial, residential and industrial development of the proposed borough; and

(3) the financial or tax effect on the proposed borough and existing governmental unit or units.

(d) The court, if it shall find, after hearing and advice of the committee, that the conditions prescribed by this section have been complied with, shall certify the question to the board of elections of the county for a referendum vote of the residents of the proposed borough. Upon receipt of the certified election results, the court shall enter a final decree granting or denying the prayer of the petitioners.

The conditions to which subsection (d) refers are those listed in subsection (a) regarding the procedures for the collection of signatures for the petition, and those in subsection (c). In Re: Incorporation of the Borough of Two Ponds, 87 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 234, A.2d (1985).

Our scope of review of the trial court's decision as to whether the conditions of subsection (c) are met should be no different than our prior scope of review when the guidelines of the trial court's decision were court-made. We hold that the trial court is vested with discretion in determining whether the conditions

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 604]

    prescribed by Section 202(a) and (c) have been complied with, and we must uphold its decision absent a finding that its discretion was abused.

Turning to the decision of the trial court, we note that the findings of fact of the Committee, incorporated into the opinion, are supported by the evidence and testimony in the record. We must decide whether the trial court abused its discretion in concluding from these facts that the Township would be harmed by the proposed incorporation.

Of the factors considered by the trial court, we find several to be significant. The current racial composition of the Township is fifty-nine percent (59%) white and forty-one percent (41%) non-white. The composition of the proposed borough would be eighty-two point five percent (82.5%) white and seventeen point four percent (17.4%) non-white. The remaining portion of the Township would be twenty-six point six percent (26.6%) white and seventy-three percent (73%) non-white. The trial court found that the motivation for the proposed Borough was to segregate it from the rest of the Township.

Additionally, the trial court listed the several debts accumulated by the Township and concluded that the proposed Borough sought to escape supporting the financially troubled Township. In addition to its debts, the portion of the Township which would remain intact after the proposed incorporation would carry the responsibility for all of the low-income housing currently supported by the entire Township.

The proposed Borough is comprised wholly of privately owned residential units, with little or no existing or potential area for commercial or industrial growth. While acknowledging that the proposed Borough would probably be able to take care of itself financially, by imposing a real estate tax, the trial

[ 87 Pa. Commw. Page 605]

    court held that the remainder of the Township would be deprived of the "support and balance which is essential to preserve and develop a complete, integrated and, yet, diverse community of population interests, and uses; all of which are essential to the stability and growth of a suburban municipality."

We cannot fault the trial court in its concern for preserving the diversity of the Township necessary to support it financially and socially. Therefore, we hold that the trial court properly exercised its discretion under Section 202 in denying the Petition to Incorporate.



And Now, February 21, 1985, the decision of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County at No. A-34 Misc. Docket dated January 13, 1983 is affirmed.

This decision was reached prior to the resignation of Judge Williams, Jr.



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