David P. Bruton, Philadelphia, for appellants.
Robert C. Daniels, Philadelphia, for appellees.
Spaeth, President Judge, and Brosky and Johnson, JJ.
[ 335 Pa. Super. Page 490]
This case is before us on remand from the Supreme Court. On June 8, 1984, we filed an opinion in which a majority of the panel, Judge JOHNSON dissenting, remanded for an evidentiary hearing to determine whether the trial judge should have recused himself. Reilly v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, 330 Pa. Super. 420, 479 A.2d 973 (1984). We retained jurisdiction. Appellees filed a petition for allocatur, and on October 1, 1984, the Supreme Court granted the petition. The case was argued to the Court on October 30, 1984, and by per curiam order dated November 8, 1984, the Court "remanded [the case] to the Superior Court for consideration and disposition within twenty (20) days of the date of this Order, . . . of the remaining issues not decided by that court on direct appeal." This opinion is written to comply with that order.
Appellant, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, raises two issues as to which the majority of the panel had deferred decision until the case was returned to this court following remand; Judge JOHNSON, in his dissenting opinion, had reached the issues and found them without merit.
The first issue is whether the trial judge erred in refusing appellant's request that certain specific questions be asked prospective jurors on voir dire. Appellant sought by the questions to determine whether the prospective jurors were biased against it. Instead of asking appellant's
[ 335 Pa. Super. Page 491]
specific questions, the trial judge tried to determine whether the prospective jurors were biased by asking more general questions. Although the trial judge might well have exercised his discretion otherwise, we do not believe that in exercising it as he did, he abused his discretion. See Starr v. Allegheny General Hospital, 305 Pa. Super. 215, 451 A.2d 499 (1982). Moreover, "[i]t is significant, if not dispositive, . . . that [appellant] does not assert that the ruling of the trial judge resulted in any prejudice . . . ." Bentivoglio v. Ralston, 447 Pa. 24, 31, 288 A.2d 745, 749 (1972).
The second issue concerns the charge to the jury; two errors are alleged.
First, appellant argues that it was error for the trial court to charge on appellant's duty of care as a common carrier because when the accident occurred, this duty was not owed to appellee Gerald Reilly. Appellant's argument would be persuasive had the facts been as appellant argues they were. However, the testimony was in conflict on the condition of the place where the bus stopped, and on what Gerald did when he alighted from the bus -- whether he immediately ran in front of the bus or first took the cleared path to the sidewalk and then turned back and ran in front of the bus. Whether appellant's duty as a common carrier had ended as to Gerald, or in other words, whether when the accident occurred Gerald had had "a reasonable opportunity to alight and pass out of danger," Harris v. DeFelice, 379 Pa. 469, 473, 109 A.2d 174, 176 (1954), depended on how the jury resolved this conflict. Accordingly, it was not error for the trial court to instruct the jury on appellant's duty as a common carrier.
Second, appellant argues that the trial court improperly charged the jury regarding Gerald's duty to exercise due care. It is true that the trial court's instruction was not as clear as ...