Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in the case of Samuel Moonblatt v. City of Philadelphia, No. A-84287.
Thomas F. McDevitt, Thomas F. McDevitt, P.C., for petitioner.
Michael David Eiss, with him, Herbert J. Bernstein, Assistant City Solicitor, for respondents.
Judges MacPhail, Colins and Palladino, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Palladino.
[ 85 Pa. Commw. Page 129]
Samuel Moonblatt (Claimant) seeks review of a decision by the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) which reversed the decision of a referee who awarded Claimant disability benefits.
Claimant, an attorney, was employed by the City of Philadelphia (City) in varying capacities from 1975 through 1981. On April 28, 1981, Claimant was admitted to the Philadelphia Psychiatric Hospital where he remained until June 13, 1981, and continued to be treated as an outpatient thereafter. Claimant alleges that the pressures imposed upon him by his work for the City, and his assignment to a small office which he was required to share with his secretary, caused him to suffer a compensable injury under the Workmen's Compensation Act (Act),*fn1 and that as a result of this injury Claimant is totally disabled.
The referee received testimony from Claimant's treating physician, a psychiatrist, and reviewed a report submitted by a psychologist who examined the Claimant at the City's request. The referee found Claimant's physician's testimony credible in that Claimant suffered a major depression which was caused by his work and which has rendered Claimant totally disabled. The referee also accepted the psychologist's opinion that a relationship existed between Claimant's disability and his work. The psychologist's belief that Claimant could handle the duties of counsel to a law firm and return to work, the referee found not to be credible.
The referee awarded Claimant benefits for total disability and the Board reversed. Citing Thomas v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 55 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 449, 423 A.2d 784 (1980), the Board
[ 85 Pa. Commw. Page 130]
found that Claimant "failed to show that he suffered from anything other than a subjective reaction to being at work and being exposed to normal working conditions."
The Board's scope of review, like ours, where the party with the burden of proof prevails before the referee, is limited to determining whether an error of law was made or if a necessary factual finding is not supported by substantial evidence. Elliot v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 72 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 195, 455 A.2d 1299 (1983). Whether or not an injury is compensable is a question of law and therefore reviewable by the Board. Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 40 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 142, 396 A.2d 902 (1979). We agree with the Board that Thomas does indeed stand for the proposition cited, i.e., failure to show more than a subjective reaction to being at work and being exposed to normal working conditions will not support a finding that the claimant sustained a compensable injury under the Act.
This Court recently reaffirmed Thomas ' rationale in a case whose facts closely parallel those in the case at bar. In Hirschberg v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 81 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 579, 583, 474 A.2d 82, 85 (1984), Judge Robert W. Williams, Jr. succinctly summarized Thomas, precepts: "Under Thomas, therefore, a claimant must establish that his mental condition was aggravated or precipitated by actual, and not merely perceived or imagined, employment events." We agreed with the Board that when Claimant's work load and office arrangements are viewed in an objective light, they cannot be said to ...