The opinion of the court was delivered by: BECHTLE
Presently before the court is defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction. For the reasons stated herein the motion will be denied.
Plaintiff Pharmaceutical Group Services, Inc. ("PGS") is a Pennsylvania marketing and sales company specializing in the development of group mail order pharmaceutical plans. Defendant National Pharmacies, Inc. ("National") is a corporation incorporated in Delaware which through its wholly owned subsidiaries is in the business of distributing prescription and non-prescription mail order pharmaceutical products throughout the United States to employees, retirees and members of corporations or other entities.
On November 8, 1983, plaintiff and defendant entered a Sales Representative Agreement ("agreement") whereby plaintiff agreed to act as defendant's sales representative for the solicitation of contracts for the sale of mail order pharmaceutical products throughout the United States. Under the agreement plaintiff would receive as compensation a percentage of the gross sales revenues attributable to customers obtained by plaintiff for defendant.
Plaintiff claims that while the agreement was in effect it solicited and secured Aluminum Company of America ("Alcoa") as a customer for defendant's mail order pharmaceutical products. Plaintiff contends that despite this activity and subsequent shipments of pharmaceutical products into Pennsylvania to Alcoa's employees, defendant has refused to remit any compensation to plaintiff. This suit is for the recovery of a percentage of the proceeds received by defendant from the Alcoa account.
Defendant moves for dismissal of the suit on the basis that it is not subject to personal jurisdiction in Pennsylvania. Defendant argues that although its wholly owned New Jersey subsidiary, also named National Pharmacies, Inc. (hereinafter referred to as "NPNJ"), does ship pharmaceutical products into Pennsylvania, including shipments which service the Alcoa account, defendant itself does not do any business in Pennsylvania.
Once a jurisdictional defense has been properly raised the plaintiff bears the burden of demonstrating contacts with the forum state sufficient to give the court in personam jurisdiction. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee v. L'Union, 723 F.2d 357 (3d Cir. 1983). At the stage of the proceedings where the factual record consists of only pleadings and affidavits plaintiff's burden is satisfied by establishing a prima facie case of jurisdiction.
Data Disc, Inc. v. Systems Technology Associates, Inc., 557 F.2d 1280 (9th Cir. 1977); Kyle v. Continental Capital Corp., 575 F. Supp. 616 (E.D. Pa. 1983).
In resolving a jurisdictional dispute the pleadings and affidavits are to be considered in a light most favorable to plaintiff. Cottrell v. Zisa, 535 F. Supp. 59 (E.D. Pa. 1982); Culbreth v. Simone, 511 F. Supp. 906 (E.D. Pa. 1981). Discrepancies in versions of events presented in affidavits are to be resolved in plaintiff's favor. Felicia v. Gulf American Barge, Ltd., 555 F. Supp. 801 (E.D. Ill. 1983).
In McGee v. International Life Insurance Company, 355 U.S. 220, 2 L. Ed. 2d 223, 78 S. Ct. 199 (1957), the Supreme Court held that due process is not violated when a suit is based on a contract which has substantial contact with the forum. 355 U.S. at 223; see Ruggieri v. General Well Service, Inc., 535 F. Supp. 525 (D. Colo. 1982); DiCesare-Engler Productions, Inc. v. Mainman Ltd., 81 F.R.D. 703 (W.D. Pa. 1979). The suit in McGee involved an insurance contract. The substantial connection upon which jurisdiction was based included the following factors: (1) the contract was delivered in the forum; (2) the insurance premiums were mailed from the forum; and (3) the insured was a resident of the forum when he died.
In this case the agreement and defendant itself have no less substantial contact with Pennsylvania than the contract and defendant had with the forum in McGee. The agreement was entered into by plaintiff, a corporation incorporated in Pennsylvania with its principal place of business in Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania. Negotiations regarding some of the terms of the agreement, including the commission rate, were initiated by defendant and took place at plaintiff's offices in Mifflinburg.
As a result ...