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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. JAMES HAIGHT (06/22/84)

submitted: June 22, 1984.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
v.
JAMES HAIGHT, APPELLANT



NO. 330 HARRISBURG 1983, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas, 17th Judicial District, Union County Branch, at No. 55 Criminal Division 1981.

COUNSEL

Paul W. Brann, Lewisburg, for appellant.

Graham C. Showalter, District Attorney, Lewisburg, for Commonwealth, appellee.

Del Sole, Popovich and Roberts, JJ. Popovich, J., concurring statement.

Author: Del Sole

[ 332 Pa. Super. Page 270]

Appellant was convicted, after a jury trial, of burglary and criminal trespass. Post-trial motions were filed and denied. Appellant was sentenced to four to eight years imprisonment. This appeal followed.

Five issues are raised on appeal: 1) Is the verdict contrary to the weight of the evidence?; 2) Did the court err in permitting the testimony of a Commonwealth witness not previously disclosed to Appellant?; 3) Did the court err in permitting testimony that a co-defendant had previously

[ 332 Pa. Super. Page 271]

    been in jail?; 4) Were the prosecutor's attacks on the veracity of a co-defendant prejudicial to Appellant?; and 5) Did testimony as to Appellant's income, employment and receipt of welfare benefits deny him a fair trial?

Appellant first argues that the verdict is contrary to the weight of the evidence. A new trial should be awarded on the ground that the verdict is against the weight of the evidence only when the jury's verdict is so contrary to the evidence as to shock one's sense of justice. Commonwealth v. Miller, 303 Pa. Super. 504, 450 A.2d 40 (1982). This is not such a case. Co-conspirator Joseph Ruskuski testified that Appellant was an active participant in the burglary of the SEDA-COG office building. Ruskuski stated that Appellant entered the building and helped remove some equipment. Eva Ruskuski testified that her husband, Joseph, Jeffrey Yuhas, Daniel Derck and Appellant returned to Derck's apartment at about 3:00 a.m. Derck stated that they'd "tried to rob some electrical equipment from this place" and that they "got busted". Appellant kept saying, "I knew we'd get busted". Appellant testified that he was not involved in the burglary. The trial court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to grant a new trial on the ground that the verdict was against the weight of the evidence.

During cross-examination of Appellant's wife, the prosecution was permitted to bring out, over defense counsel's objection, the fact that Appellant was unemployed and on welfare at the time of the crime. The Commonwealth argues that this evidence was relevant to show a motive for burglary: a desire for money. We disagree.

Evidence is relevant if it logically or reasonably tends to prove or disprove a material fact in issue, or to make such a fact more or less probable, or if it affords the basis for a logical or reasonable inference or presumption as the existence of a material fact in issue. Commonwealth v. Potts, 314 Pa. Super. 256, 276, ...


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