Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

SHEKU-KAMARA v. KARN

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


March 2, 1984

JOSEPHINE M. SHEKU-KAMARA and JAWA A. SHEKU-KAMARA, by and through his natural guardian JOSEPHINE M. SHEKU-KAMARA
v.
LYLE L. KARN, District Director of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Philadelphia District Office

The opinion of the court was delivered by: BECHTLE

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

 BECHTLE, J.

 Presently before the court are plaintiffs' and defendant's motions for summary judgment. For the reasons stated herein, plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment will be denied and defendant's motion for summary judgment will be granted.

 I. FACTS

 Plaintiffs are Josephine M. Sheku-Kamara ("Mrs. Sheku-Kamara") and her child Jawa A. Sheku-Kamara. Defendant is Lyle L. Karn, District Director of the Philadelphia District Office of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. The facts of the case are undisputed.

 On August 27, 1978, Benedict V. Sheku-Kamara, ("Mr. Sheku-Kamara"), a citizen and native of Sierra Leone, entered the United States as an exchange visitor pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1956 ("the Act"), 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(15)(J), to pursue a program of graduate studies sponsored by the United Nations at the University of Pennsylvania. Since this program was admittedly financed by the U.S. Government, Mr. Sheku-Kamara was subject to 8 U.S.C. § 1182(e), which, inter alia, imposes a two year foreign residence requirement on all persons who enter the United States pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(15)(J) and participate in a program financed by the United States (known as a "J-1" visa). The two year foreign residence requirement requires that all subject persons return to and reside and be physically present in the country of their nationality or last residence for an aggregate of at least two years following departure from the United States before applying for an immigrant visa, permanent residence, or a nonimmigrant visa.

 On January 16, 1981, the Immigration and Naturalization Service ("INS") completed a request by Mr. Sheku-Kamara for a change of program. *fn1" The change, retroactive to October 9, 1979, transferred Mr. Sheku-Kamara's sponsorship from the United Nations program to a privately funded program sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Sheku-Kamara received no Government funding while in this privately funded program. *fn2"

 On August 18, 1979, Mr. Sheku-Kamara married plaintiff, Mrs. Sheku-Kamara, nee Josephine Kebbie, in London, England. On March 6, 1980, plaintiff Jawa Sheku-Kamara, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Sheku-Kamara, was born in England. On August 5, 1980, the United States Embassy in London, England, issued a visa to Mrs. Sheku-Kamara and Jawa Sheku-Kamara as the dependents of Mr. Sheku-Kamara *fn3" (known as "J-2" visas). Shortly thereafter Mrs. Sheku-Kamara and her son entered the United States.

 While in the United States, Mrs. Sheku-Kamara applied to the INS for adjustment of status from nonimmigrant to immigrant pursuant to section 245 of the Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1255. *fn4" On September 7, 1983, the application for adjustment of status was denied by defendant. The denial was based on the determination that Mrs. Sheku-Kamara was not eligible to become a lawful permanent resident of the United States since she, along with her child and husband, was subject to the two year foreign residence requirement imposed by 8 U.S.C. § 1182(e).

 Plaintiffs have appealed the determination by defendant and seek a declaratory judgment that they are not subject to the two year foreign residence requirement. *fn5"

 II. DISCUSSION

 While it is not disputed that Mr. Sheku-Kamara is subject to the two year residence requirement, *fn6" plaintiffs argue that they are not subject to the requirement because they entered the United States after Mr. Sheku-Kamara stopped participating in a Government funded program. Having entered at such time, plaintiffs argue that they did not receive any benefit from any Government funding and therefore Mr. Sheku-Kamara's status should not be imputed to them. Plaintiffs' argument fails for a number of reasons.

 Firstly, a regulation which governs this situation has been promulgated. The regulation as set forth in 8 C.F.R. § 212.7(c)(4) provides:

 

A spouse or child admitted to the United States or accorded status under section 101(a)(15)(J) of the act to accompany or follow to join an exchange visitor who is subject to the foreign residence requirement of section 212(e) of the Act is also subject to that requirement. *fn7"

  Plaintiffs argue that this regulation is inapplicable to the situation before the court. *fn8" Plaintiffs also argue that nothing in the Act, or in the relevant administrative history requires application of the foreign residence requirement to a spouse and child of an exchange visitor in a Government financed program where they, the spouse and child, enter the United States after the principal alien has left the Government financed program. Such an argument is incorrect since it ignores a plain reading of the regulation and is a narrow incorrect reading of the leading case on the subject.

 In Matter of Tabcum, 14 IN 113 (1972), a spouse of an exchange visitor was denied adjustment of her nonimmigrant status on the basis that she had entered the United States with her husband and therefore was subject to fulfilling the two year residence requirement prior to adjustment of status. The Regional Commissioner rejected the applicant's argument that the foreign residence requirement did not apply to spouses accompanying an exchange visitor. In so doing the Regional Commissioner noted that "to the extent she was permitted to enter and remain in the United States and was a beneficiary to the financial aspects of the principal alien's participation in the Government-sponsored program, she too derived benefits from such program." *fn9" Id. at 114.

 Plaintiffs do not suggest that Matter of Tabcum is incorrect. Rather, they argue that Matter of Tabcum is supportive of their position that a spouse or child must in some way be a beneficiary of the financial aspects of a Government-sponsored program before they can be subject to the two year foreign residence requirement. While Matter of Tabcum does stand for the proposition that an exchange visitor's spouse [or child] who receives some benefit from the Government's funding of a program is subject to the two year requirement, the scope of the decision is broader. As the Regional Commissioner stated without qualification, "the two-year foreign residence requirement . . . applies to the spouse [and child] of an exchange visitor where the principal alien is subject to such provision." (citing Gordon and Rosenfield, Immigration Law and Procedure, 68.g, p.6-51, footnote 40b). Additionally, the fact that plaintiffs have not derived any financial benefit from Mr. Sheku-Kamara's participation in a Government funded program is not dispositive where, as here, plaintiffs have received the more significant benefit of having been permitted to enter the United States solely because Mr. Sheku-Kamara has been and continues to be an exchange visitor.

 Secondly, to decide that plaintiffs are not required to comply with the two year foreign residence requirement would create the anomalous result of putting plaintiffs, who derive their status solely through Mr. Sheku-Kamara, in a better position than Mr. Sheku-Kamara who remains subject to the two year requirement.

 Thirdly, finding that plaintiffs are subject to the foreign residence requirement is consistent with one of the primary objectives of the Exchange Visitor Program which is to facilitate the impartation of live impressions of the United States and its culture to other societies. See generally S. Rep. No. 1608, 84th Cong., 2d Sess. 2, reprinted in 1956 U.S. Code Cong. & Ad. News 2662-2663. Even though this objective is directed primarily towards the principal alien, this court does not see why it cannot be equally applicable to a spouse and child of the principal alien thereby subjecting them to the foreign residence requirement. *fn10"

 III. CONCLUSION

 There being no dispute as to a material fact and since defendant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, the court will grant defendant's motion for summary judgment and deny plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment.

 An appropriate Order will be entered.

 [EDITOR'S NOTE: The following court-provided text does not appear at this cite in 581 F. Supp.]

 ORDER

 AND NOW, TO WIT, this 2nd day of March, 1984, IT IS ORDERED that:

 1. Plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment is denied.

 2. Defendant's motion for summary judgment is granted.

 3. Judgment be entered in favor of defendant.


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.