The opinion of the court was delivered by: CAHN
Waco Scaffolding Company ("Waco"), the plaintiff, seeks money damages from the defendants, two labor organizations, pursuant to Section 303 of the Labor Management Relations Act ("LMRA"), 29 U.S.C. § 187 ("Section 303").
Waco contends that agents of the defendants, acting within the scope of their employment, committed unfair labor practices as defined in the LMRA while plaintiff was engaged in performing a subcontract at the B.P. Oil Refinery in Marcus Hook, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. The matter has been tried before me without a jury. Post trial briefing and argument have been completed. I make the following:
2. (a) Local 845, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America ("Local 845"), a defendant, is an unincorporated labor organization of "Carpenters of the Vicinity of Delaware County, Pennsylvania".
(b) The Metropolitan District Council of Philadelphia and Vicinity of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America ("MDC"), a defendant, is an unincorporated labor organization of carpenters' "Local Unions in the vicinity of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, including the counties of Philadelphia, Bucks, Montgomery, Chester and Delaware, . . . ."
3. Local 8, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America ("Local 8") is an unincorporated labor organization comprised of "the carpenters of the vicinity of Philadelphia, Bucks, Montgomery, Delaware and Chester counties". In the past, Local 8 has regularly supplied carpenters for Waco in the geographical area of the MDC.
4. Local 845 and Local 8 are both local unions within the jurisdiction of the MDC and as such the members of both locals are permitted to work as union carpenters in the five county metropolitan area of Philadelphia.
5. (a) Earl R. Henninger is a member of Local 845;
(b) Earl R. Henninger is employed as a business representative of the MDC, having been elected by the membership of Local 845 and assigned to a territory in Delaware County which encompasses the jurisdiction of Local 845;
(c) Earl R. Henninger is held out by Local 845 as its business representative;
(d) During the performance by Waco of its subcontract at the B.P. Oil Refinery ("Refinery") in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Earl R. Henninger was specifically authorized by the MDC to act as an employee and agent concerning labor activities at the Refinery work site;
(e) During the performance by Waco of its subcontract at the Refinery work site, Earl R. Henninger was impliedly authorized by Local 845 to act as an employee and agent concerning labor activities at the Refinery work site.
6. (a) William F. McGugan is a member of Local 8 and is employed as a business representative of the MDC, although elected from the membership of Local 8;
(b) William F. McGugan was authorized to act as an employee of MDC concerning labor activities at the work site where the instant dispute began.
7. Edward Coryell is the president and business manager of the MDC and is considered to be its chief executive officer. He supervises the activities of Earl R. Henninger and William F. McGugan.
8. All of Waco's hourly-paid construction employees are members of a labor union (most are members of Local 8), and are subject to the provisions of collective bargaining agreements to which Waco is a party.
9. Waco is an associate member of the General Building Contractors Association ("GBCA"), and is a party to a collective bargaining agreement entered into by GBCA and MDC. This agreement is hereinafter referred to as the "GBCA Agreement".
10. Waco is also bound by a collective bargaining agreement between United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and the National Erectors' Association which covers work involving the erection of scaffolding. This agreement is hereinafter referred to as the "NEA Agreement".
11. Neither the GBCA Agreement nor the NEA Agreement require the employment of non-working foremen at a work site, and neither agreement mandates that any specific ...