No. 481 PITTSBURGH, 1982, Appeal from an Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, of Butler County, No. 81-362.
Robert F. Hawk, Assistant District Attorney, Butler, for appellants.
Marilyn Horan-Reeder, Butler, for appellee.
Cercone, President Judge, and Spaeth and Hester, JJ. Spaeth, J., concurs in the result.
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This case is again before us following a remand for the filing of a more comprehensive opinion by the lower court.*fn1 On October 20, 1983, the hearing judge filed an amended twelve-page opinion awarding custody of the two minor children, who are the subject of this appeal, to appellee. We now conclude that the decision of the lower court to return custody of the children to their natural mother was not error and we affirm.
Appellee initiated this action in order to obtain custody of her two children who had been living with her parents since
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 552]
July 6, 1978. On April 7, 1982, the hearing judge granted custody to appellee. However, appellants filed an appeal arguing that the opinion of the lower court lacked a sufficient analysis of the record to support a custody award. We agreed and directed the lower court to prepare a more comprehensive opinion citing specific reasons for its ultimate decision. Moreover, we recommended that the opinion include a "discussion of the character and fitness of the parties, their respective homes, and their abilities to provide for the children, both emotionally and financially." Cady v. Weber, supra, 317 Pa. Superior Ct. at 489, 464 A.2d at 427.
The trial court's amended opinion has provided us with the proper foundation to permit the exercise of our appellate function. The parties and their respective abilities to care for the children were discussed in detail. Appellee was characterized as a mature woman who was now capable of discharging her responsibilities as a wife and mother. She and her husband have established a home life suitable for the children and have the financial means to properly care for them. The social workers and psychologists who were involved in this case uniformly agreed that no reason existed which would prevent the children from being returned to their mother.
The trial judge weighed the above factors against the environment provided by appellants. Although deserving of credit for their devotion to and their care of the children to date, the grandparents could not be endorsed by the lower court for continuing as custodians. The grandmother suffered from physical problems, including a handicapped arm and pinched nerves in her neck, and her condition restricted her movement to a great extent. More importantly, the trial judge characterized the grandmother as manipulative in her efforts to retain custody of the children, and cited numerous instances where she attempted to establish her own fitness as custodian by unwarranted attacks upon appellee and her husband. The lower court viewed this attitude as inapposite to any custodial arrangement necessitating the cooperation of both parties.
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On the contrary, the hearing judge was favorably impressed by the fact that appellee exhibited a mature awareness of her mother's attachment to the children and an appreciation for the attention and love which the children received while in her care. This assessment of appellee was supported by the report of the Nevada State Welfare Division, which ...