decided: November 15, 1983.
IN RE: APPEAL OF FEDERATED DEPARTMENT STORES, INC. FROM THE ACTION OF THE BOARD OF PROPERTY ASSESSMENT, APPEALS AND REVIEW OF ALLEGHENY COUNTY ETC. FEDERATED DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., APPELLANT
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in the case of In Re: Appeal of Federated Department Stores from the action of the Board of Property Assessment Appeals and Review of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on property situate in the Borough of Braddock Hills, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, No. GD 82-03317.
John R. Dingess, with him Judd N. Poffinberger, Jr., Kirkpatrick, Lockhart, Johnson & Hutchison, for appellant.
Allan J. Opsitnick, with him John J. Hickton, Hickton & Opsitnick, and Timothy P. O'Reilly, for appellee.
Judges Rogers, Craig and Doyle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig. Dissenting Opinion by Judge Doyle.
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 348]
Petitioner Federated Department Stores, Inc., appeals from an order of the common pleas court quashing its appeal from a tax assessment made by respondent, the Board of Property Assessment, Appeals and Review of Allegheny County.
The questions for review are: (1) whether an appeal from the assessment board must be filed within sixty days as provided by the statute governing assessments in second class counties, 72 P.S. §§ 5452.1-5452.20,*fn1 or within thirty days as provided by the Judicial Code appeal time limitation, 42 Pa. C.S. § 5571;*fn2 and (2) whether the reassessment notice sent by the board adequately notified Federated of its
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 349]
mailing date, which begins the running of the appeal period.
The facts, which are not in dispute, are as follows: Allegheny County initially assessed property owned by Federated at $905,000 for 1981. Upon appeal, the board reduced that figure to $700,000, and informed Federated of the change by notice dated December 11, 1981. On February 9, 1982, Federated appealed to the common pleas court. Administrative Judge Papadakos issued an opinion and order*fn3 quashing Federated's appeal because its filing date was beyond the thirty-day appeal period prescribed by 42 Pa. C.S. § 5571(b). This appeal followed.
As conceded by Federated, we have already settled the first question. In Chartiers Valley School District Appeal, 68 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 592, 450 A.2d 230 (1982), aff'd, Pa. , 462 A.2d 673 (1983), and Borough of West Homestead v. Mesta Machine Co., 68 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 595, 449 A.2d 876 (1982), aff'd per curiam, Pa. , 465 A.2d 641 (1983), we specifically held that the thirty-day appeal period set forth in section 5571(b) of the Judicial Code, and not the sixty-day period set forth in section 12 of the Second Class County Assessment Law, governs the period within which to appeal decisions of the board of property assessments. These cases are controlling on the first issue presented by this appeal, and therefore, the common pleas court was correct in concluding that the thirty-day period prescribed by § 5571(b) of the Judicial Code is the applicable time period.
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 350]
Federated also contends that, even with the thirty-day appeal period, the form it received from the board entitled "Disposition of Appeal from Real Estate Assessment" did not provide adequate notice of the mailing date, which starts the running of the appeal period.*fn4 Two dates appear on the form. At the bottom left-hand corner is a box captioned "Appeal Board Action" with the appeal number and "B.M. DATE 12-1-81" also indicated. Briefs of counsel indicate that this date refers to the day the board actually met to take action on the appeal. The form is also dated at the top with the following notation: "Date December 11, 1981."
The board argues that the mere presence of two different dates on the form provides sufficient notice to anyone appealing his assessment that the latter date refers to the day the notice was actually mailed. We find this argument unpersuasive.
In an analogous case, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled that, where, as here, an appeal period is commenced by the mailing of a notice of action taken by a government unit, that unit has the duty to advise the appellant of the date of mailing. Schmidt v. Commonwealth, 495 Pa. 238, 241, 433 A.2d 456, 458 (1981). The pivotal issue here is whether the board fulfilled its duty to advise by dating the notice at the top of the form as indicated above.
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 351]
In Hanna v. Zoning Board of Adjustment of Pittsburgh, 62 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 620, 437 A.2d 115 (1981), this court held that the zoning board's duty to notify of the actual date of mailing is not satisfied even where the notice is accompanied by a dated transmittal letter. The court quoted the following language from Schmidt : "Knowledge of a decision's mailing date is essential to the taxpayer, and the effort required of the Department to indicate the relevant date on the decision or transmittal letter is negligible." Schmidt at 242, 433 A.2d at 458 (emphasis in original).
A disembodied date on the notice, as in this case, without any indication that it is the mailing date, is no more informative than a date appearing on a transmittal letter.*fn5 We believe that our decision on the second issue presented by this appeal is therefore controlled by Hanna, and hold that the dated form did not provide sufficient notice of the actual mailing date.
Accordingly, we must reverse the order below quashing the appeal for untimely filing, and remand for further proceedings.
Now, November 15, 1983, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County dated November 1, 1982, is reversed and remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.
Reversed and remanded.
Dissenting Opinion by Judge Doyle:
I respectfully dissent. While I agree that the applicable appeal period was thirty days from the
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 352]
date the decision notice was mailed, I would remand the matter to the court of common pleas for a determination of when the notice was actually received.
In every case, the operative mailing date will necessarily be prior to or possibly on the same date as when the notice is actually received, but never after. Consequently, in cases where it is clear that the appeal was not filed within thirty days of actual receipt of the notice, the appeal, by logical necessity, cannot have been filed within thirty days of the mailing date.
The rule articulated by the majority provides that the statutory appeal period would never begin to run if the Board of Assessment failed to give written notification of the date of mailing. I do not believe Schmidt v. Commonwealth, 495 Pa. 238, 433 A.2d 456 (1981) compels such a rule; and I do not believe our opinion in Hanna v. Zoning Board of Adjustment of Pittsburgh, 62 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 620, 437 A.2d 115 (1981) should be read to require such a rigid stricture.
In Schmidt, the Supreme Court reasoned that notification of the date of mailing is essential because "[w]ithout such notification, a taxpayer can have no reliable basis for knowing the number of days remaining in which to file a petition for review." 495 Pa. at 241, 433 A.2d at 458. Once a notice of decision is actually received, however, the taxpayer surely knows that there is an operative mailing date and the appeal period has commenced. He surely knows also that he has no more than the total number of allotted days in which to file an appeal. In Schmidt the Court found that, the appellant, because no notification of the operative mailing date was given, was justified in relying on the date of a subsequently mailed notice as the commencement of the period for appeal. I
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 353]
would similarly hold, in cases such as the one at bar, where notification of the mailing date is inadequate, that an appellant is justified in relying on the date of receipt of the notice as the commencement of the period for appeal. I find no justification, however, for reliance on any date subsequent to actual receipt.
Hanna is not to the contrary. In that case we permitted an appeal which was filed within thirty days of receipt of the notice of decision and held that neither the date on a transmittal letter nor the postmark on the envelope it came in was sufficient under Schmidt to give notification of commencement of the appeal period. We allowed no burden on the appellant to calculate a probable mailing date from the date of receipt or from any indicia less than formal notification. The burden was placed on the Board to ensure that the appellant knew when the appeal period commenced. I do not here advocate any burden on the appellant to speculate as to the probable mailing date nor even to prove when notice was actually received if notification of the mailing date is faulty. Proof of notification of the mailing date or proof of the date of actual receipt rests properly with the Board, and either burden is easily met through the use of certified mail. I would, however, hold an appellant to the fundamentally obvious knowledge that if he has received notice, the appeal period has commenced at least as of that date.
Finally, I must disagree also with the implication in the majority opinion and in Hanna that indication of the mailing date on the decision notice itself constitutes the sole and conclusive proof of the commencement date of the appeal period. That the mailing date indicated on a notice inside a sealed envelope should be conclusive over the postmark on the outside seems to go against logic. At best, any mailing date
[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 354]
indicated on the notice itself can indicate only an intended mailing date. I can foresee instances where the notice, while indicating one mailing date on its face, may inadvertently, or perhaps purposefully, be delayed and actually be mailed later. As notification of the actual mailing date, such indicia as a postmark or transmittal letter may be deficient, but as evidence of an actual mailing date subsequent to that indicated on a decision notice, such indicia should be considered competent.