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decided: October 25, 1983.


Original Jurisdiction in case of Edward P. Zemprelli, Eugene F. Scanlon, James E. Ross, and Robert J. Mellow, State Senators v. Dick Thornburgh, Governor, Robert K. Bloom, William E. Andrews, Donald L. Smith, and Syed R. Ali-Saidi.


William G. Dade, Assistant Counsel to the Senate Democratic Floor Leader, for petitioners.

Robert B. Hoffman, Deputy Attorney General, with him Allen C. Warshaw, Deputy Attorney General, and LeRoy S. Zimmerman, Attorney General, for respondents.

President Judge Crumlish, Jr. and Judges Rogers, Williams, Jr., Craig, MacPhail, Doyle and Barry. Opinion by Judge Williams, Jr.

Author: Williams

[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 46]

By amended petition for review in the nature of quo warrantor addressed to our original jurisdiction four state senators (Petitioners) seek to oust four state officials*fn1 (Respondents) from appointive offices and to enjoin the Governor of the Commonwealth from nominating their successors. Respondents' rights to hold their positions are challenged inasmuch as the Governor allegedly failed to submit their nominations to the Pennsylvania Senate within the ninety-day period subsequent to the occurrence of the respective vacancies in their offices as mandated by Article IV, § 8(b)

[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 47]

    of the Pennsylvania Constitution.*fn2 See, Zemprelli v. Thornburgh, 47 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 43, 407 A.2d 102 (1979) (Zemprelli I) (ninety-day constitutional provision is mandatory, and not merely directory, as to the timeliness of nominations).

Challenging Petitioners' standing to bring this action, Respondents filed preliminary objections in the nature of a demurrer. In Zemprelli v. Thornburgh, 73 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 101, 457 A.2d 1326 (1983) (MacPhail, J., dissenting), we held that Petitioners had standing to maintain this action, thus overruling the preliminary objections. Respondents then filed an answer and new matter. The new matter asserted that Respondent Robert K. Bloom (Bloom) ceased to occupy the position of Secretary of the Department of Revenue on or about January 18, 1983; that James Scheiner was nominated by the Governor to succeed Bloom on or about January 18, 1983; and, that the Pennsylvania Senate consented to James Scheiner's nomination as Revenue Secretary on or about March 16, 1983. Petitioners' reply to new matter admitted these factual averments.

Respondents, contending that the quo warrantor action became moot as to the Bloom nomination upon Bloom's resignation at the end of the Governor's first term and the Governor's nomination, within ninety days of the vacancy, of Bloom's successor, filed a motion for summary judgment for Bloom and partial summary judgment for the Governor. While not disputing facts material to Respondent's motion, Petitioners filed an opposition to the motion.

[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 48]

Intervening changes in the factual matrix of a pending case, which eliminate an actual controversy and make it impossible for the requested relief to be granted, render a legal question moot. See, In re Gross, 476 Pa. 203, 382 A.2d 116 (1978); Chester Upland School District v. Chester Upland Education Association, 64 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 523, 440 A.2d 1283 (1982). The instant case is illustrative of such intervening factual changes since Bloom is no longer Revenue Secretary and, as such, cannot now be ousted from office. See, Meyer v. Strouse, 422 Pa. 136, 221 A.2d 191 (1966) (expiration of ousted tax collector's term of office rendered moot question of collector's right to exercise the office). Concluding that Petitioners cannot now be provided the relief requested regarding Bloom (i.e., his dismissal from office), we dismiss the case against Bloom.*fn3

Respondents, by motion for partial summary judgment, also contend that Bloom's resignation renders moot Petitioners' prayer that the Governor be barred from nominating Bloom's successor. See, Zemprelli I, 47 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. at 60, 407 A.2d at 110 (Governor's nomination power is forfeited if not exercised during ninety-day period). Although the Governor is constitutionally mandated to nominate "a proper person to fill the vacancy within 90 days of the first day of the vacancy and not thereafter," Pa. Const. Art. IV § 8(b), in Zemprelli I we concluded that

[a]t the very least, "the first day of the vacancy," must be deemed to be not earlier than the first day of the vacancy as it might exist in each Governor's new term. (Emphasis added.)

[ 78 Pa. Commw. Page 49]

Id. at 54, 407 A.2d at 107. Thus the Governor's timely nomination of Bloom's successor on January 18, 1983, at the advent of a new term, to fill the new vacancy created by Bloom's resignation on the same date, entitled the Governor, as to this particular issue, to judgment as a matter of law.*fn4 Id. Accordingly, Respondents' motion for partial summary judgment is granted.


And Now, this 25th day of October, 1983, the Honorable Richard L. Thornburgh's motion for partial summary judgment in the above-captioned matter is granted.

The case against Robert K. Bloom is dismissed for mootness. Bloom's motion for summary judgment is therefore denied.


Governor's motion for partial summary judgment granted. Case against Bloom dismissed for mootness. Bloom's motion for summary judgment denied.

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