The opinion of the court was delivered by: MCGLYNN
Presently before this court is the motion of third party defendant, First Pennsylvania N.A., to dismiss with prejudice the third party complaint of defendants Keith Sachs, Herbert Sachs, and Saxco International, Inc. pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b). For the reasons set forth below the motion of First Pennsylvania N.A. to dismiss the third party complaint will be granted.
Plaintiffs Glass Bottle Blowers Association of the United States and Canada, AFL-CIO (GBBA), Local Union No. 270 of the GBBA, and Local Union No. 46 of the GBBA as well as United Glass and Ceramic Workers of North America, AFL-CIO, CLC (UUGW), Local Union No. 416 of the UUGW, and Local Union No. 36 of the UUGW sued defendants National Bottle Co. (National Bottle), First Pennsylvania N.A. (First Pennsylvania), Diamond Glass Co., Domglas, Inc., Saxco International, Inc. (Saxco), Keith Sachs, and Herbert Sachs for claims arising from alleged breach of a labor contract, tortious interference with contract relations and fraud.
Plaintiffs on behalf of the members of their Unions who were at one time employed by National Bottle contend that during the period November 1, 1980 to February 2, 1981 National Bottle failed to make various contractually required payments on behalf of the employees to certain insurance companies. First Pennsylvania, a secured creditor of National Bottle, was charged with tortious interference with the contract between the Plaintiff Unions and National Bottle when the exercise of its rights as a creditor allegedly resulted in National Bottle's failure to make some of the payments.
Defendants Keith Sachs, Herbert Sachs and Saxco now seek to have First Pennsylvania reinstated as a party to these actions pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 14. The sole basis for liability alleged in the complaint is that of tortious interference with contract by First Pennsylvania.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 14(a) provides that a defendant, as a third party plaintiff, may serve a complaint upon a party not currently joined in the action ". . . who is or may be liable to him for all or part of the plaintiff's claim against him." In the complaint the third party plaintiff must set forth ". . . a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. Pa. 8(a)(2).
This court in rendering judgment on a motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) must accept all allegations contained in the complaint as true. Furthermore, all allegations contained in the complaint must be construed in the light most favorable to the third party plaintiff. Finally, the complaint may not be dismissed unless it appears beyond doubt that Keith Sachs, Herbert Sachs, and Saxco can establish no set of facts in support of their claim. Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 2 L. Ed. 2d 80, 78 S. Ct. 99 (1957); Helstoski v. Goldstein, 552 F.2d 564 (3d Cir. 1977); McKnight v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, 583 F.2d 1229 (3d Cir. 1978).
Applying the foregoing standards to the third party complaint filed by Keith Sachs, Herbert Sachs and Saxco I find that First Pennsylvania's motion to dismiss must be granted. The claim set forth in defendants' third party complaint seeks judgment for tortious interference with contract. It is clear that the allegations of the complaint do not, as a matter of law, support this claim.
In order to recover for tortious interference with contract, Pennsylvania law, which has adopted the Restatement (Second) of Torts § 766 (1977), provides, "One who intentionally and improperly interferes with the performance of a contract between another and a third person by inducing or otherwise causing the third person not to perform the contract is subject to liability to the other for the pecuniary loss resulting to the other from the third person's failure to perform the contract." Adler, Barish, Daniels, Levin, and Creskoff v. Epstein, 482 Pa. 416, 393 A.2d 1175, 1183 (1978) (Emphasis added). It is clear that in an action for tortious interference with contract, the only person protected ". . . is the specified person with whom the third person had a contract that the actor caused him not to perform." See Restatement (Second) of Torts § 766 comment p (1977).
Assuming defendants Keith Sachs, Herbert Sachs, and Saxco are found liable for the acts of National Bottle, an issue which need not be decided in disposing of this motion, it simply does not follow that the defendants are entitled to recover in an action for tortious interference with contract against First Pennsylvania. If any such cause of action existed it would belong solely to the plaintiff ...