submitted: September 21, 1983.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
JOHN MICHAEL ZUDER, APPELLANT
No. 553 Philadelphia, 1982, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of February 8, 1982 in the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe County, Criminal Division, No. 594 of 1978
Michael R. Muth, Public Defender, Stroudsburg, for appellant.
Robert C. Lear, Assistant District Attorney, Stroudsburg, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Cirillo, Johnson and Cercone, JJ.
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 412]
On January 3, 1979, appellant was convicted by a jury in the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe County of indecent exposure and open lewdness. Following the denial of his post-verdict motions, appellant appeared before the Honorable Harold A. Thomson, Jr. on April 9, 1980 for sentencing. For the crime of indecent exposure, the court ordered appellant to pay a fine of One Thousand Dollars and to undergo incarceration for a period of not less than six (6) months nor more than twenty-three (23) months. Sentence for the offense of open lewdness was suspended.
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 413]
The Superior Court affirmed appellant's judgment of sentence in a per curiam order entered on October 16, 1981. See Commonwealth v. Zuder, 296 Pa. Superior Ct. 576, 438 A.2d 642 (1981). Appellant's petition for allowance of appeal was denied by the Supreme Court on January 29, 1982.
On April 10, 1980, in an entirely unrelated proceeding before the Honorable James R. Marsh of the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe County, appellant was found guilty of criminal trespass. Appellant was sentenced on June 12, 1981 to serve a term of imprisonment of between three (3) and twenty-three (23) months. Appellant was placed on parole on November 3, 1981. Such parole was revoked on February 1, 1982 and appellant was recommitted to serve the unexpired portion of his prison sentence imposed for the criminal trespass conviction. Subsequently, on June 18, 1982, appellant's parole was reinstated for the balance of his term of imprisonment.
Finally, on January 16, 1982, in yet another unassociated case, this one tried before Judge Thomson, appellant was acquitted of the charge of criminal homicide.
On February 8, 1982, approximately one week after appellant's parole on the criminal trespass conviction had been revoked by Judge Marsh, Judge Thomson entered the following order pertaining to the sentence he imposed on appellant on April 9, 1980 following appellant's conviction of indecent exposure and open lewdness:
AND NOW, this 8th day of February, 1982, the Prothonotary of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania having communicated with a statement that the Appeal of the Defendant has been denied, it is the Order of this Court that the Defendant commence serving his previously imposed sentence in this matter upon parole or expiration of his sentence imposed to No. 651-1979 for violation of parole.
BY THE COURT:
/s/ Harold A. Thomson, Jr.
Harold A. Thomson, Jr., J.
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 414]
Appellant now appeals from that order, contending that insofar as his judgment of sentence had been affirmed by the Superior Court prior to the issuance of the above order, and in view of the fact that the order was entered, without a hearing or even notice of the order afforded to appellant or his counsel, nearly two years after the original sentence was imposed, the lower court lacked any authority to alter the terms of the original sentence by ordering that it be served consecutive to a subsequently imposed sentence. We agree.
We note initially that a trial court is not without any authority to alter or modify the terms of a sentence. Under the terms of 42 Pa.C.S.A. § 5505,*fn1 a court may alter an order, decree, judgment or sentence without the term of court or within thirty (30) days of the date of entry of the original order if the term of court terminates prior to the
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 415]
thirty day period, provided, however, that the court affords the parties with prior notice. See also Commonwealth v. Colding, 482 Pa. 112, 393 A.2d 404 (1978); Commonwealth v. Canady, 297 Pa. Superior Ct. 292, 443 A.2d 843 (1982); Commonwealth v. Leatherbury, 269 Pa. Superior Ct. 194, 409 A.2d 431 (1979); Commonwealth v. Yoder, 249 Pa. Superior Ct. 389, 378 A.2d 350 (1977). Commonwealth v. Reed, 254 Pa. Superior Ct. 461, 386 A.2d 41 (1978); Commonwealth v. Horsman, 239 Pa. Superior Ct. 534, 361 A.2d 433 (1976); and Pa.R.App.P. 1701.*fn2
Viewed in light of the prescriptions of 42 Pa.C.S.A. § 5505, the actions of the lower court, which altered the terms of appellant's original sentence, were improper in that they were undertaken following the expiration of the original term of court as well as the applicable thirty day period, and deprived both appellant's counsel and the office of the district attorney of any advance notice of the alteration of sentence.
The salient point for purposes of our review of the propriety of the instantly-challenged order, however, is the fact that under the circumstances of the case at bar, § 5505 could never serve as authority for the lower court's actions, assuming arguendo that they were timely taken upon adequate notice to the parties, since the lower court was stripped of its power to alter the terms of the sentence when appellant perfected his appeal to the Superior Court. As Judge Hoffman ruled in Commonwealth v. Hanlon, 266 Pa. Superior Ct. 456, 405 A.2d 523 (1979):
Section 5505 only empowers the lower court to modify judgments of sentence within 30 days of entry in cases where no appeal is taken. See Commonwealth v. Lauer, 265 Pa. Super. 542, 402 A.2d 678 (1979). Where an appeal is taken and judgment of sentence is affirmed, the defendant must be committed on the terms of his original sentence. Pa.R.App.P. 1763. The lower court on remand
[ 322 Pa. Super. Page 416]
has no authority to alter the judgment of sentence where the appellate court has not.
Id., 266 Pa. Superior Ct. at 457-458, 405 A.2d at 524 (Emphasis in original).
Convinced that the lower court acted beyond its authority in ordering that appellant's sentence for indecent exposure be served consecutively to that subsequently imposed for criminal trespass, we accordingly vacate as void the order of the lower court dated February 8, 1982.
The order of the lower court altering appellant's sentence is vacated and the judgment of sentence imposed on April 9, 1980 is reinstated.