Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

ADOPTION A.M.B. (09/02/83)


filed: September 2, 1983.


No. 1056 Philadelphia, 1982, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Orphans' Court Division, Luzerne County, Nos. A-3448, A-3449 and A-3450 of 1981.


Joseph A. Lakowski, Pittston, for appellant.

Richard Balnave, Wilkes-Barre, for participating party.

Cercone, President Judge, and McEwen and Montemuro, JJ.

Author: Montemuro

[ 318 Pa. Super. Page 457]

On December 23, 1981, the Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne County, per the Honorable Charles D. Lemmond, Jr., issued a decree terminating the parental rights of M.W. and B.S.B. as to their children A.M.B., D.A.B. and B.S.B., Jr.*fn1 Exceptions to the decree were filed by the mother, M.W. On March 17, 1982, after consideration of the briefs

[ 318 Pa. Super. Page 458]

    of the parties, and oral argument, the court, per the Honorable Chester Muroski, dismissed the exceptions. Judge Muroski "specifically agree[d] with the Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law" as set forth in the opinion of Judge Lemmond. M.W. Appeals from the order dismissing her exceptions.

The opinion by Judge Lemmond states that ". . . it is clear that the mother and father have failed to perform parental duties owed to their children for a period in excess of six months." (Lower Court Op. at p. 8). Thus he found involuntary termination proper based upon 1 P.S. ยง 311(1).

At the time of the adjudication it was necessary only to prove "by a preponderance of the evidence" that the parents refused or failed to perform his or her parental duties. IN RE Adoption of P., 475 Pa. 197, 380 A.2d 311 (1977); In re Adoption of McAhren, 460 Pa. 63, 331 A.2d 419 (1975).

One week after the trial court's order dismissing the exceptions, the United States Supreme Court announced its decision in Santosky, et al v. Kramer, Commissioner, Ulster County Department of Social Services, 455 U.S. 745, 102 S.Ct., 1388, 71 L.Ed.2d 599 (1982), in which the Court held that the burden of proof required in involuntary termination of parental rights cases was "clear and convincing evidence." Id. at 768, 102 S.Ct. at 1402, 71 L.Ed.2d at 616.

Recently, an en banc panel of this court in In re Adoption of M.E.T., 313 Pa. Super. 316, 318, 459 A.2d 1247, 1248 (1983) held:

[T]he higher burden of proof required by Santosky must be applied to all cases which had not been finally decided on appeal at the time the Santosky opinion was filed, and that cases pending on appeal at the time Santosky was filed must be remanded to the trial court for further proceedings.

[ 318 Pa. Super. Page 459]

The court went on to establish the appropriate procedure on remand stating:

We do not . . . feel that the lower court must, in all cases, hold new evidentiary hearings. Rather, we adopt the procedure advocated by the Appeals Court of Massachusetts in Custody of A Minor (No. 1), 13 Mass.App. 1088, 436 N.E.2d 172, app. den., 368 Mass. 1105, 438 N.E.2d 75 (1982) and Custody of A Minor (No. 3), 14 Mass.App. 1013, 441 N.E.2d 768 (1982). Thus, we hold that cases shall be remanded with a direction to the trial court that it determine, after hearing arguments of counsel, whether new evidentiary hearings are required. If the court is convinced that counsel would have tried the case differently had it known that a clear and convincing evidence standard would be applied, or if the court concludes that the evidence should be expanded and/or brought up to date, then it should schedule new evidentiary hearings. If, on the other hand, the court is convinced that new evidentiary hearings are not required, the court need only reconsider its prior findings in light of the clear and convincing standard and modify those findings as necessary. We feel that this procedure adequately protects the parents' right to ensure that findings of parental unfitness are made on the basis of clear and convincing evidence.

Id., 313 Pa. Superior Ct. at 323, 459 A.2d at 1251.

Consequently, we must remand this case to the trial court for proceedings in accordance with In Re Adoption of M.E.T., Id.*fn2

Order Vacated. Case remanded for proceedings as directed herein. Jurisdiction is relinquished.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.