Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County in the case of Eugene A. Fleming and Sandra L. Fleming, John Loftus and Janice Loftus, John Schnader and Kay Schnader, John Curran and Maryann Curran, Thomas McGreal and Laurie McGreal, Marc Ross and Cathy Ross, Joseph A. Coppola and Barbara Coppola, Russell Lieber and Eleanor Lieber, Ralph Longtin and Katherine Longtin, William Holland and Rosemary Holland, George Mershon and Elizabeth Mershon, Bernard Plunkett and Margaret Plunkett, John McGee and Margaret McGee, and San Marino Road Residents v. The Zoning Hearing Board of Haverford Township, Delaware County, and John R. Williams and C. Jane Williams, Intervenors, No. 81-07812.
William P. Lincke, Beatty, Young, Clouse & Lincke, for appellants.
Leslie J. Carson, Jr., for appellees.
Judges Williams, Jr., Craig and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Williams, Jr.
[ 76 Pa. Commw. Page 198]
On August 6, 1982, the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County reversed a decision by the Zoning Hearing Board of Haverford Township (Zoning Board) that had granted a use variance to John R. Williams and C. Jane Williams, equitable owners of the property in question. That order by the trial court resulted in the instant appeal.
This case arose from an attempt to gain zoning permission to convert a residential property into a professional office. The property involved is a single-family detached house located at 626 San Marino Road in the Bryn Mawr section of Haverford Township, Delaware County. The house is in a district that is zoned "R-4 Low-Medium Residential," a classification
[ 76 Pa. Commw. Page 199]
which, under the Haverford Township Zoning Ordinance, permits residential uses as of right. The Ordinance also permits professional offices in "R-4" districts, but only under certain conditions. Included among those conditions are the following: (1) that such offices shall be located in the dwelling in which the practitioner resides; and (2) that the profession shall be "clearly incidental" to the residential use of the dwelling or dwelling unit.
John R. Williams and C. Jane Williams entered into an agreement to purchase the house at 626 San Marino Road, contingent upon their obtaining zoning permission to convert the house into an office for Mr. Williams' business, a communications planning firm. It is an undisputed fact in this case that the house would not be used for any residential purpose, but exclusively as Mr. Williams' business office.
After being denied a certificate of occupancy for the intended conversion, the equitable owners appealed to the Zoning Board, which treated their appeal as an application for a variance. On May 14, 1981, after having conducted a public hearing on the matter, the Zoning Board granted the variance, concluding that the applicants had proved an unnecessary hardship.
Several protesting neighbors, who had appeared at the hearing before the Zoning Board, took a timely appeal to the Court of Common Pleas from the decision of the Board. John R. Williams and C. Jane Williams filed a notice of intervention.
The trial court, without taking additional evidence, issued an order reversing the decision of the Zoning Board. From that order the intervenors below filed this appeal to our Court. Upon reviewing the record, we affirm the trial court's order; and we do so on the able opinion from ...