The opinion of the court was delivered by: BRODERICK
On November 15, 1982, an arbitration panel composed of three attorneys, pursuant to Local Rule of Civil Procedure 8, heard this case involving an automobile accident and entered an award of $4,000.00 in favor of the plaintiff, Carol Ann Waller ("Waller"). On November 16, Waller's counsel contacted Nationwide Mutual Insurance Co., the insurer of defendant, Stephen Kotzen ("Kotzen") in Syracuse, New York and negotiated a settlement in the sum of $15,000.00. Kotzen has moved to set aside the settlement on the ground that it was obtained after a compulsory arbitration award through direct negotiations with a party rather than through negotiations with the party's counsel. Kotzen further avers that Waller's counsel was aware of the arbitrators' award at the time it negotiated with Nationwide and failed to disclose the award to Nationwide. For the reasons hereinafter set forth, the Court will grant defendant's motion and enter an Order setting aside the settlement and reinstating the arbitrators' award, thus giving both parties 30 days in which to demand a trial de novo if they are not satisfied with the award.
This litigation involved a collision between automobiles driven by Waller and Kotzen. Waller avers in her complaint that Kotzen drove his vehicle negligently and struck her car, resulting in injuries to the plaintiff. Jurisdiction is founded upon diversity since Waller is a Pennsylvania citizen and Kotzen is a New Jersey citizen. Pursuant to Local Rule of Civil Procedure 8, this case was placed in the arbitration program because it is a diversity case claiming personal injury and seeking only monetary damages in an amount of $50,000.00 or less. Under this program, a panel composed of three arbitrators (local attorneys who qualify as arbitrators) hears the matter just as would a judge or a jury. The Federal Rules of Evidence serve as a guide for the admissibility of evidence and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure are applicable.
After the hearing, the panel of arbitrators enters an award to the prevailing party. The arbitrators' award becomes a final judgment unless either party demands a trial de novo. If trial de novo is demanded, unless a settlement is effected, the case proceeds to trial as if it had not been arbitrated. The goal of the arbitration program is to provide less expensive and more efficient disposition of certain types of cases without depriving the litigants of their right to a court trial. The program has succeeded in this district largely because of the support of the members of the bar who have carried out the letter and spirit of Local Rule 8.
The arbitration program is in effect a compulsory nonjury trial before three members of the bar who have been determined to be qualified to render an award based upon the facts and the applicable law. Thus, the arbitration hearing is in all respects a non-jury trial, subject to the identical rules of conduct and decorum which regulate the trial of cases before a judge of this Court.
On November 15, 1982, the arbitration panel heard testimony in this matter. Later that day, after the close of the evidence, the panel conferred and determined that it would enter an award in plaintiff's favor in the amount of $4,000.00. Prior to Nationwide forwarding this case to outside counsel to represent the defendant in this litigation, settlement negotiations took place between Nationwide and plaintiff's counsel. Nationwide had offered to settle the litigation for $15,000.00, but plaintiff's counsel rejected this offer of settlement on June 14, 1982. Thereafter, Nationwide obtained legal counsel in Philadelphia to represent the defendant in this litigation. After defense counsel entered the case, no settlement negotiations took place between Nationwide and plaintiff's counsel until after the entry of the arbitration award.
On the morning of November 16, 1983, the chairman of the arbitration panel telephoned counsel of record for the plaintiff and counsel of record for the defendant and advised them that at noon on November 15, the arbitrators' filed an award in plaintiff's favor in the amount of $4,000.00.
During the afternoon of November 16, 1982, Eric Lerner, an attorney in the firm of plaintiff's counsel, phoned Ron Wicks, a Nationwide claims adjuster in Syracuse, New York to determine whether Nationwide's $15,000.00 settlement offer was still available. Lerner told Wicks that there had been an arbitration hearing regarding the case but did not tell Wicks that an arbitration award had been filed in favor of the plaintiff in the amount of $4,000.00. Wicks and Lerner agreed to settle the case for $15,000.00. Lerner testified at the hearing before this Court that he did not become aware of the arbitrators' award of $4,000.00 until November 18, 1982.
Wicks testified that he was not familiar with the arbitration program in this Court. He said he understood an arbitration hearing to be a type of required settlement conference. Wicks also testified that he was not advised by Lerner that there had been an arbitrators' award in plaintiff's favor in the amount of $4,000.00. On November 19, 1982, Wicks sent a release form and a check in the amount of $15,000.00 to Lerner. On December 7, 1982, Wicks received notice of the arbitration panel's award of $4,000.00 to the plaintiff from defense counsel. On January 19, 1983, defense counsel filed the instant motion to set aside the settlement agreement which was entered into after the arbitrators' award.
As grounds for his motion to set aside the settlement, the defendant contends that (1) plaintiff's counsel violated the Code of Professional Responsibility in directly negotiating with Nationwide rather than first approaching the defendant's attorney; (2) the settlement was actually or constructively fraudulent because Nationwide did not know of the arbitration award at the time of the settlement as did plaintiff's law firm; and (3) the settlement is void as a contract because of a mutual mistake of fact.
The Pennsylvania Code of Professional Responsibility, Disciplinary Rule 7-104 provides:
(a) During the course of his representation of a client, the ...