Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County in the case of Ruth Morris, Administratrix of the Estate of Frances Pyott v. Montgomery County Geriatric & Rehabilitation Center, and Montgomery County Commissioners, and Gus Arapolu, Center Administrator, and Lee Ciarletta, Director of Nursing, and Jane Doe, Unidentified Volunteer from the Fellowship Bible Church, Graterford, No. 80-8919.
James J. Oliver, for appellant.
Andrew L. Braunfeld, Masterson, Braunfeld, Himsworth & Maguire, for appellees.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr. and Judges Williams, Jr. and Barbieri, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Barbieri.
[ 74 Pa. Commw. Page 364]
This case comes before this Court on appeal by Ruth E. Morris, Administratrix of the Estate of Frances Pyott, from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, which sustained the preliminary objections of the appellee, the Montgomery County Geriatric & Rehabilitation Center, and dismissed the appellant's complaint. We affirm.
The appellant commenced this action in trespass for wrongful death and survival in the court of common pleas against the Montgomery County Geriatric & Rehabilitation Center, a Montgomery County agency (Center), contending that the death of decedent, Frances Pyott, was caused by the Center's negligence in the care and supervision of its elderly patients. The appellant alleged in her complaint that the decedent, having attended an institution activity on October 14, 1979, later on that day was found missing when she apparently wandered off and became lost, and that on the following morning the decedent's body was found in a wooded area, where she had apparently taken off her clothes, gone to sleep, and died
[ 74 Pa. Commw. Page 365]
from exposure. Upon the filing of preliminary objections by the appellee, the court of common pleas dismissed the appellant's complaint holding, inter alia, that the appellant was barred from bringing suit against the Center because of immunity granted under the Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act (Act).*fn1 With eight exceptions, the Act provides that local agencies shall not be liable for any damages on account of any injury to a person or property caused by an act of the local agency or an employe or person thereof.*fn2 Appellant, conceding that her claim is barred under the Act, not falling within any of the exceptions, challenges the constitutionality of the Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act as violating Article I Section 11 of the Pennsylvania Constitution and equal protection of the law.
Unfortunately for appellant, both the attack based on Section 11 of Article I of the Pennsylvania Constitution*fn3 and the attack on the Act on equal protection grounds have been ruled against appellant in cases that we believe are controlling. In Carroll v. County of York, 496 Pa. 363, 437 A.2d 394 (1981), our Supreme Court sustained the constitutionality of the Act
[ 74 Pa. Commw. Page 366]
under Section 11 of Article I in a case that is clearly indistinguishable from this one. In fact, appellant does not suggest that Carroll, as it stands, would not be controlling on us, but argues against its acceptance, contending that it inappropriately deals with the law; that it is merely a four to three decision; and that the constituency of the Supreme Court has changed, so that we should feel free to disregard that case as an authority against appellant in this one. We must reject this contention and its supporting arguments, since Carroll is binding upon us. Close v. Voorhees, 67 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 205, 446 A.2d 728 (1982).
The equal protection contention*fn4 raised here has also been considered by this Court and rejected in Robson v. Penn Hills School District, 63 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. ...