No. 663 Pittsburgh 1981, No. 689 Pittsburgh 1981, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division, of Erie County, No. 114 of 1973, 66-69 of 1976.
Carmela R.M. Presogna, Assistant Public Defender, Erie, for appellant.
Frank J. Scutella, Assistant District Attorney, Erie, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Cavanaugh, Brosky and Montgomery, JJ.
[ 317 Pa. Super. Page 249]
Appellant Matthew Gray appeals the trial court's summary dismissal*fn1 of his petition under the Post-Conviction Hearing Act, 19 P.S. § 1180-1 et seq. We reverse and remand for an evidentiary hearing.
[ 317 Pa. Super. Page 250]
Appellant apparently entered a plea of guilty to the charge of robbery at No. 114 of 1973 on September 14, 1973. Sentencing was deferred and he was released on bond. He failed to report for the scheduled sentencing and was not sentenced until three years later, at which time he also pled guilty to robbery and other charges at No. 66, 67, 68 and 69 of 1976. Appellant did not file either an appeal or a motion to withdraw his guilty plea. On February 4, 1981, he filed the instant P.C.H.A. petition pro se. Counsel was appointed and an amended petition was filed. Two continuances were granted while the court administrator attempted to locate the transcript of the September 14, 1973 plea colloquy. The transcript was never located. The trial court then dismissed appellant's petition without a hearing as being frivolous and waived.
On this appeal, appellant argues that his petition should not have been dismissed without a hearing, especially in view of the lack of a transcript from the original plea colloquy. We agree. Under the Post-Conviction Hearing Act, the court may dismiss a petition without a hearing if the petitioner's claims are patently frivolous and without a trace of support in the record. 19 P.S. § 1180-9. Unless a court is absolutely certain of the patent frivolousness of an issue in a post-conviction petition, it must grant a hearing. Commonwealth v. Laboy, 460 Pa. 466, 333 A.2d 868 (1975). In borderline cases, the petitioner should be given "every conceivable legitimate benefit" in favor of the grant of a hearing. Commonwealth v. Reider, 267 Pa. Super. 359, 406 A.2d 1081 (1979). If, on review, we are unable to tell from the state of the record whether appellant's claims are frivolous and without support, we must remand for an evidentiary hearing. Commonwealth v. Swift, 299 Pa. Super. 77, 445 A.2d 156 (1982).
In this case, appellant alleges, inter alia, that his plea was not knowingly and voluntarily entered. Even in cases where we have had a record of the plea colloquy, we have recognized the petitioner's right to present additional evidence where that record did not clearly refute his claim.
[ 317 Pa. Super. Page 251]
Commonwealth v. Rusinko, 303 Pa. Super. 216, 449 A.2d 656 (1982). In the instant case, we have no record at all of the original plea proceeding. The determination of whether the plea was indeed knowing and voluntary is necessarily a factual matter to be resolved by the trial court, Commonwealth v. Johnson, 460 Pa. 303, 333 A.2d 739 (1975). We ...