Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of Darlene Mae Price Breon v. Hills Department Store, No. A-75503.
Raymond F. Keisling, Will & Keisling, for petitioners.
No appearance for respondents.
Judges Blatt, Williams, Jr. and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Williams, Jr.
Hills Department Store (employer) appeals an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board), which affirmed the granting of total disability benefits to Darlene Mae Price Breon (claimant).
On February 14, 1973, the claimant suffered an injury to her back when she slipped and fell on ice in her employer's parking lot while on her way to work. Upon falling, she immediately experienced pain and a loss of breath. The claimant reported to her work place and informed her superior of her accident. That same day she was forced to leave work and return home since she was unable to continue to withstand the pain from her fall.
The claimant applied for benefits which were granted by a referee upon a finding that she was totally disabled as a result of her fall. The Board affirmed. The employer appeals to this Court contending that it was error to award benefits since the claimant did not present unequivocal medical testimony to show causation between her work accident and disability.
Unequivocal medical testimony is required to establish a causal connection between an accident and a disability only where the connection is not obvious. Montgomery Mills Co. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 26 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 471, 364 A.2d 508 (1976). Where a claimant's disability is obviously and directly the result of a work incident,
the factfinder is not required to depend upon medical testimony to find causation. Simons v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 52 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 575, 415 A.2d 1290 (1980). In the instant case the referee found that the claimant slipped, fell and immediately experienced pain in her back. Substantial evidence exists in the record to support these findings. It is clear that the claimant's fall caused her disability. "Pain is an excellent symptom of an injury." Morgan v. Giant Markets, 483 Pa. 421, 424, 397 A.2d 415, 416 (1979). We therefore conclude that unequivocal medical testimony was not required to establish causation in this case.
This conclusion is unaffected by the employer's contention that the claimant had a history of a previous back injury. The claimant was a woman 23 years old at the time of her accident. The back injury to which the employer refers was sustained by the claimant when she was seven. The undisputed testimony of the claimant reveals that prior to her fall, she would occasionally take medication to relieve pain in her lower back, otherwise she was unrestricted in her activity. Her condition after her fall in 1973 is markedly different. As a result of her fall, the claimant is unable to stoop or bend without complication, cannot stand very long without experiencing pain, cannot lift anything heavier than five pounds, continues to be in traction for several days a month, and is restricted primarily to sedentary employment. We cannot ...