submitted: February 10, 1983.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
WILLIAM D. FAY, APPELLANT
No. 3350 Philadelphia, 1981, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Cumberland County, Criminal Division, at No. 142 Criminal, 1981
David P. Perkins, Shippensburg, for appellant.
Kevin Adair Hess, First Assistant District Attorney, Carlisle, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Cavanaugh, Brosky and Cirillo, JJ.
[ 320 Pa. Super. Page 400]
This appeal is from the order of judgment of sentence for five counts of driving under a suspended license and one count of driving with a foreign license while under suspension. Appellant argues that he cannot be properly convicted of these crimes when the period of suspension had expired at the time of the alleged violations. He also contends that he did not receive notification of the suspension in the statutorily prescribed manner. We agree with appellant as to the first issue and accordingly reverse.*fn1
The relevant factual background can be briefly summarized. In October of 1979, appellant's license was suspended indefinitely for failure to pay a citation. On December 18, 1979, appellant's license was suspended for a period of six months for a conviction of driving under the influence. The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation considered this six-month period to have begun on January 30, 1980, when appellant surrendered his Pennsylvania license to Arizona authorities to get an Arizona driver's license.*fn2 Thus, the suspension period had expired and appellant was eligible to take the appropriate steps to obtain his Pennsylvania driver's license as of August 1, 1980. All of the six citations before us here were issued several months after the end of the suspension period -- after August 1. Appellant obtained a post-suspension driver's license after the citations involved herein were issued.
As noted above, appellant argues that he could not be convicted of driving under a suspended license or of driving
[ 320 Pa. Super. Page 401]
with a foreign license while under suspension when the period of the suspension had expired.
He cites for this proposition an opinion of this Court, Commonwealth v. Parfitt, 286 Pa. Super. 279, 428 A.2d 991 (1981) (Cavanaugh, J.). Parfitt held that an individual could not be convicted of driving under a revoked license for driving after the revocation period had expired and before he had obtained a new license.*fn3
However, the fact that the appellant must reapply for a license does not alter the fact that the period of his license revocation ended on October 12, 1977, and that § 1543(a) of the 1976 Code does not expressly cover the time period after the revocation period but prior to receipt of a new license. Section 1543(a), being penal in nature, must be strictly construed. 1 Pa.C.S.A. § 1928(b).
Commonwealth v. Parfitt, supra, 286 Pa. Superior Ct. at 282, 428 A.2d at 993. We note that in Parfitt the Court was dealing with one of the same statutes that appellant was convicted of violating, 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 1543(a). "Driving while operating privilege is suspended or revoked."
The court below distinguished Parfitt on the following grounds: in order to obtain a post-suspension license one must not only make an application -- as one does in obtaining a new post-revocation license -- but one must also pay a fee and provide proof of financial responsibility. There is no distinction to be found on this basis. These same requirements apply after a revocation as well as after a suspension. 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 1746.
Further, we find no other theory on which Parfitt should not be applied to a suspended license as well as a revoked one.*fn4
We conclude, therefore, that one cannot be convicted under 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 1543(a) or under 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 1573 after the period of suspension has expired.
[ 320 Pa. Super. Page 402]
We are painfully aware that this reasoning mandates the reversal of the instant convictions. To the extent that this result may encourage the cynical belief among offenders that the criminal justice system can be "beaten" by recourse to the appellate courts, we regret the action that we take.
However, such a consideration must not deter us from deciding the cases before us on principles of law. In the case before us the law is clear.
It is not enough to say that the appellant has most probably shown a disrespect for the law; or even that, under these facts, he might have been charged with the violation of other laws.
The only legal question before us is whether he could have been found guilty of the crimes with which he was charged. We have answered this question in the negative.
Order of judgment of sentence reversed.