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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. JOHN IRVIN LEONARD (12/30/82)

filed: December 30, 1982.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
v.
JOHN IRVIN LEONARD, APPELLANT



No. 974 Philadelphia, 1980, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division, Lancaster County, at Nos. 2182/2186, 2189, 2190, and 2192 of 1979.

COUNSEL

Thomas G. Klingensmith, Assistant Public Defender, Lancaster, for appellant.

Thomas L. Goodman, Lancaster, for Commonwealth, appellee.

Wickersham, Popovich and Watkins, JJ. Popovich, J., files a concurring opinion.

Author: Per Curiam

[ 308 Pa. Super. Page 293]

This is a direct appeal from the denial of a petition seeking to modify a judgment of sentence. We dismiss the appeal as untimely.

On June 2, 1979, appellant was charged with eight counts of theft. The eight separate complaints were filed simultaneously with the district justice, and preliminary arraignment was held on all charges simultaneously. On November 19, 1979 appellant waived his right to a preliminary hearing and all eight counts were returned to the Lancaster County Court and docketed to eight separate docket numbers. On March 11, 1980 appellant appeared before the court and pled guilty to all eight counts of theft. On March 13, 1980 the court sentenced appellant, and ordered him to pay the costs of his prosecution on each of

[ 308 Pa. Super. Page 294]

    the eight indictments. Appellant filed a timely motion to modify the sentence under Rule 1410 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure, challenging the court's multiple assessment of costs. The court thereupon entered a Rule to Show Cause to the Commonwealth. On April 1, 1980 the court entered an order extending the time in which this rule was to be returnable and purporting to extend the time in which appellant could appeal the court's assessment of costs. The April 1 order reads in pertinent part: "Petitioner's right to appeal from assessment of costs shall be extended for an additional 11 days." At no time did the court vacate the judgment of sentence. Finally, on April 16, 1980, after the thirty day appeal period had run, the court purported to deny appellant's petition. This appeal followed on April 24, 1980.

The instant appeal is clearly out of time. The mere scheduling of a hearing on a Rule 1410 motion does not affect the running of the time for appeal. Since the appeal lies from judgment of sentence the lower court cannot extend its time to consider a Rule 1410 motion unless it first vacates the sentence in question. It cannot simply extend the time for appeal. See Pa.R.Crim.P. 1410, Comments. Accordingly, since the instant appeal was out of time we are constrained to dismiss it without consideration of the merits.

Dismissed.

POPOVICH, Judge, concurring:

I concur in the result. However, I write separately to clarify what, at first blush, may appear to be an unduly harsh result. That is, the dismissal of appellant's ...


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