Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the case of In Re: Claim of Jane M. Langensiepen, No. B-197113.
David A. Scholl, for petitioner.
William J. Kennedy, Associate Counsel, with him Richard L. Cole, Jr., Chief Counsel, for respondent.
President Judge Crumlish Jr. and Judges Blatt and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.
[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 512]
Jane M. Langensiepen (claimant) appeals here from a decision of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) which reversed a referee's decision and held that due to her willful misconduct, she was not entitled to benefits under Section 402(e) of the Unemployment Compensation Law.*fn1
The claimant had been employed as a salesperson by Queen's Nutritional, a health food store, for approximately six months. She was discharged for taking a bag of dried soup*fn2 for her own use, without paying for it. Although he had no written policy, the employer testified that he had verbally informed all employees that any items in the store which they were purchasing would have to be checked out by another employee, and that they must keep the sales receipts given to them for such items. On the day here in question, the employer discovered an opened soup bag under the counter and, when he questioned the claimant about it, she admitted that it was hers and promised to pay for it when she checked out. Upon discovering that she had already checked out without having paid for the soup, the employer discharged her.
The burden of proof in willful misconduct cases rests on the employer. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review v. Bacon, 25 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 583, 361 A.2d 505 (1976). And where, as here, the party with the burden of proof prevailed below, our scope of review is limited to a determination of whether or not the record, taken as a whole, contains
[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 513]
substantial evidence to support the Board's conclusion. Taylor v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 474 Pa. 351, 355, 378 A.2d 829, 831 (1977). After reviewing the record and examining the evidence in the light most favorable to the party in whose favor the Board has found, Taylor, we find that there is substantial evidence in the record to support the Board's finding that claimant was discharged for willful misconduct.
As we have previously held, an employee owes his employer loyalty, diligence, fidelity, obedience, and, above all, honesty. Palmer v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 50 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 300, 302, 412 A.2d 917, 919 (1980). In the instant case, there are three instances disclosed in the record in which the claimant's behavior was clearly disobedient and/or dishonest,*fn3 the most crucial here being her misappropriation of the soup. The value of the soup is not determinative of her misconduct, of course, the misappropriation being the key to determining whether or not she was guilty of willful misconduct. She argues that the only way she could be found guilty of willful misconduct is if the employer proved a "significant detriment" or a "substantial harm" to his interests. We have long held, however, that the proper test is a determination of whether or not her wrongful conduct evidenced a serious disregard of her responsibilities
[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 514]
to her employer. Gladkowski v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review,*fn4 35 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 108, 111, 384 A.2d 1365, 1367 (1978). We believe that her conduct here, regardless of the value of the items involved, evidenced that disregard of her responsibilities as well as of ...