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decided: September 29, 1982.


Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Deirdre M. Potash, No. B-197496.


Michael F. Kraemer, with him William J. Payne, Kleinbard, Bell & Brecker, for petitioner.

John T. Kupchinsky, Associate Counsel, with him Richard L. Cole, Jr., Chief Counsel, for respondent.

Judges Blatt, Williams, Jr. and Doyle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.

Author: Blatt

[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 215]

Pennsylvania Electric Company (Penelec) appeals from an order of the Pennsylvania Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) which affirmed the Referee's finding that Deirdre M. Potash (claimant) was "able to work and available for suitable work" and therefore eligible for benefits pursuant to Section 401(d)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Act).*fn1

The claimant had been employed as a meter reader/collector for Penelec and her duties required her not only to climb in and out of a Plymouth Trail Duster*fn2 but to do considerable walking in all types

[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 216]

    of weather conditions and terrain. Upon discovering that she was pregnant, with a delivery date of August 18, 1981, she presented medical certification to Penelec on February 20, 1981 to the effect that her work would threaten both her and her baby's health and consequently, that she would not be able to perform her regular job duties. She requested other work which she could perform consistent with the limitations placed upon her by her physician, but, because of her union status, other work was unavailable.*fn3 A maternity leave of absence not being available to the claimant, Penelec placed her on unpaid sick leave but continued her life insurance and hospitalization coverage. She was entitled to receive holiday pay, when applicable, and to return to Penelec when released by her physician. The claimant applied for unemployment benefits, which were approved by the Office of Employment Security, and Penelec appealed this determination. A referee determined that she was eligible for benefits, and the Board affirmed. The instant appeal followed.

[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 217]

Penelec argues that the claimant failed to meet her burden of proving that she left her job with cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. Section 402 of the Act provides that "an employe shall be ineligible for compensation for any week -- (b)(1) In which his employment is due to voluntarily leaving work without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. . ." And in unemployment cases, the burden is on the employe to show that he had a necessitous and compelling reason for leaving his employment. Rinehart v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 37 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 15, 389 A.2d 243 (1978). Where, as here, the party with the burden of proof has prevailed below, our scope of review is limited to a determination of whether or not the Board erred as a matter of law or necessary findings of fact are not supported by substantial evidence in the record. Maxwell v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 54 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 604, 423 A.2d 430 (1980). Furthermore, the evidence must be considered in the light most favorable to the party in whose favor the Board has found, giving that party the benefit of every inference which can be logically and reasonably drawn from it. James v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 6 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 489, 296 A.2d 288 (1972).

In order to have met her burden of proof here, this claimant must have (1) introduced competent testimony that at the time of the termination, adequate health reasons existed to justify termination, (2) informed the employer of the health problems, and (3) specifically requested the employer to transfer her to a more suitable position. Deiss v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 475 Pa. 547, 381 A.2d 132 (1977). And a careful review of the record persuades us that she has clearly met all three of these

[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 218]

    limited by her physician in regard to the type of work which she should perform, this restriction is not so burdensome as to preclude her from securing a job. In fact, her physician's certification supports her own testimony that she is available for work.

The petitioner's final contention is that the claimant is not unemployed, and thus not eligible for benefits, because she receives certain health benefits from the company, which include life insurance and hospitalization insurance. This issue revolves around the definition of the term "unemployed" and an individual is deemed unemployed under the Act:

(I) with respect to any week (i) during which he performs no services for which remuneration is paid or payable to him and (ii) with respect to which no remuneration is paid or payable to him, or (II) with respect to any week of less than his full-time work if the remuneration paid or payable to him with respect to such week is less than his weekly benefit rate plus his partial benefit credit.

There is no contention here that the claimant currently performs any service whatsoever for Penelec. And, although it is undisputed that Penelec does provide her with hospitalization coverage, there is no contention that she receives "remuneration", as contemplated by the Act, while on her unpaid sick leave. In an analogous case, where, as here, the claimant clearly performed no services during the relevant period, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania defined remuneration as "payment for services rendered". Gianfelice Unemployment Compensation Case, 396 Pa. 545, 153 A.2d 906 (1959). Here it is clear that the claimant has not performed any services, nor has she received any remuneration. Accordingly, we must conclude that she is unemployed as required by the Act, and that there is substantial evidence in the record

[ 69 Pa. Commw. Page 220]

    to support the necessary findings of fact regarding this issue.

We will, therefore, affirm the determination of the Board.


And Now, this 29th day of September, 1982, the order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the above-captioned matter is hereby affirmed.



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