No. 896 Philadelphia, 1981, Appeal from Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, of Luzerne County at No. 1130-C of 1980
John J. Thomas, Assistant Public Defender, Wilkes-Barre, for appellant.
Kimberly D. Borland, Wilkes-Barre, for Mental Health, participating party.
Ralph C. S. Johnson, Wiles-Barre, for Luzerne, participating party.
Cavanaugh, McEwen and Beck, JJ.
[ 304 Pa. Super. Page 133]
This appeal is from an order entered pursuant to section 303(g) of The Mental Health Procedures Act (MHPA), Act of July 9, 1976, P.L. 817, No. 143, as amended, 50 P.S. § 7303(g), upholding the certification of a Mental Health Review Officer who committed appellant to Clarks Summit State Hospital for a period not to exceed twenty days. Because the statutory requirements were not strictly adhered to, we vacate the order in question.
We must first point out that although the commitment order appealed from expired long before the appeal was submitted to us, the issue of the propriety of the commitment is not moot as alleged by The Luzerne County Solicitor. As we reiterated in a recent case, appeals from involuntary commitment orders which have expired are not moot "because involuntary commitment affects an important liberty interest, and because by their nature most
[ 304 Pa. Super. Page 134]
involuntary commitment orders expire before appellate review is possible." Commonwealth v. Ida Blaker, 293 Pa. Super. 391, 393 n.1, 446 A.2d 976, 977 n.1 (1981). Furthermore, "were we to dismiss such appeals as moot, the challenged procedure could continue, yet its propriety would evade our review." In re Ann S., 279 Pa. Super. 618, 621 n.2, 421 A.2d 370, 372 n.2 (1980). See also In re S.C., 280 Pa. Super. 539, 421 A.2d 853 (1980); Commonwealth ex rel. Bielat v. Bielat, 257 Pa. Super. 446, 390 A.2d 1321 (1978).
Appellant was initially admitted to Clarks Summit State Hospital on a voluntary basis. When he indicated a desire to leave, the hospital staff initiated proceedings for emergency treatment under section 302 of the MHPA. The hospital subsequently filed a petition for involuntary commitment under section 303 of the MHPA. A hearing on that petition was held before a Mental Health Review Officer. A psychiatrist from the hospital testified that appellant suffered from schizophrenia paranoid type. He stated that appellant believed that all members of the hospital staff were Russian KGB agents or Communists and that he adjusted his behavior to protect himself from the perceived danger. He testified that appellant had refused to accept nourishment based on his belief that it had been poisoned by the suspected KGB agents. He further testified that appellant had failed to observe even the most rudimentary requirements for his personal hygiene in that he had refused to bathe, shave or change his clothes.
Following the hearing, the Mental Health Review Officer issued an order committing appellant to Clarks Summit State Hospital for a period not to exceed twenty days. Appellant filed a petition for review of that order in the court of common pleas pursuant to section 303(g) of the MHPA. Following a hearing, the lower court denied the petition, thus upholding the commitment order of The Mental Health Review Officer. This appeal was taken from the order denying the petition for review.
Appellant first alleges that the hearing held by the lower court did not comply with the requirements of section ...